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[ten-duh n] /ˈtɛn dən/
Anatomy. a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew.
a reinforcing strand in prestressed concrete.
Origin of tendon
1535-45; < Medieval Latin tendōn- (stem of tendō) < Greek ténōn sinew (spelling with -d- by association with Latin tendere to stretch) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for tendon
  • Physical therapy that stretches and strengthens the muscle and tendon is essential.
  • And he noticed that natural construction tends to favor sinewy materials such as wood, muscle, and tendon.
  • They also can cause liver problems and tendon ruptures.
  • In a short outpatient procedure, surgeons replace an elbow ligament with a tendon from elsewhere in the body.
  • The tendon came cleanly off the elbow, and the muscle didn't tear in half.
  • The next step involved cleaning off the bits of tendon and fat that remained on bone.
  • Rotator cuff repair is a type of surgery to repair a torn tendon in the shoulder.
  • But he adamantly refused to go into the details of how he severed a tendon in his right pinky.
  • But when a joint moves, the tendon's position with respect to the joint is forced to change.
  • From this series of origins the fibers of the diaphragm converge to be inserted into the central tendon.
British Dictionary definitions for tendon


a cord or band of white inelastic collagenous tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone or some other part; sinew
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin tendō, from Latin tendere to stretch; related to Greek tenōn sinew
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tendon

1540s, from Medieval Latin tendonem (nominative tendo), altered (by influence of Latin tendere "to stretch") of Late Latin tenon, from Greek tenon (genitive tenontos) "tendon, sinew," from teinein "to stretch" (see tenet).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tendon in Medicine

tendon ten·don (těn'dən)
A band of tough, inelastic fibrous tissue that connects a muscle with its bony attachment and consists of rows of elongated cells, minimal ground substance, and densely arranged, almost parallel, bundles of collageneous fibers.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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tendon in Science
A band of tough, fibrous, inelastic tissue that connects a muscle to a bone. Tendons are made chiefly of collagen.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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tendon in Culture

tendon definition

A tough band of fibrous connective tissue that connects muscles to bones.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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