tenement

[ten-uh-muhnt]
noun
1.
Also called tenement house. a run-down and often overcrowded apartment house, especially in a poor section of a large city.
2.
Law.
a.
any species of permanent property, as lands, houses, rents, an office, or a franchise, that may be held of another.
b.
tenements, freehold interests in things immovable considered as subjects of property.
3.
British. an apartment or room rented by a tenant.
4.
Archaic. any abode or habitation.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English < Medieval Latin tenēmentum, equivalent to Latin tenē(re) to hold + -mentum -ment

tenemental [ten-uh-men-tl] , tenementary [ten-uh-men-tuh-ree] , adjective
tenemented, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
tenement (ˈtɛnəmənt)
 
n
1.  Also called: tenement building (now esp in Scotland) a large building divided into separate flats
2.  a dwelling place or residence, esp one intended for rent
3.  chiefly (Brit) a room or flat for rent
4.  property law any form of permanent property, such as land, dwellings, offices, etc
 
[C14: from Medieval Latin tenementum, from Latin tenēre to hold]
 
tenemental
 
adj
 
tene'mentary
 
adj
 
'tenemented
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tenement
c.1300, "holding of immovable property" (such as land or buildings,) from Anglo-Fr. (1292) and O.Fr. tenement (12c.), from M.L. tenementum "a holding, fief" (1081), from L. tenere "to hold" (see tenet). The meaning "dwelling place, residence" is attested from c.1425; tenement
house "house broken up into apartments, usually in a poor section of a city" is first recorded 1858, Amer.Eng., from tenament in an earlier sense (esp. in Scotland) "large house constructed to be let to a number of tenants" (1693).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Their first prayer houses were unadorned rooms rented in dreary downtown
  tenements.
In this new kind of city, you will find few of the penthouses of the old urban
  rich or the tenements of the old urban poor.
There, sprawling in all directions, are gray concrete tenements.
He knew those far from bittersweet tenements, he knew the rats inside the walls.
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