tensile strength

noun
the resistance of a material to longitudinal stress, measured by the minimum amount of longitudinal stress required to rupture the material.

Origin:
1860–65

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World English Dictionary
tensile strength
 
n
a measure of the ability of a material to withstand a longitudinal stress, expressed as the greatest stress that the material can stand without breaking

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
tensile strength   (těn'səl, těn'sīl')  Pronunciation Key 
A measure of the ability of material to resist a force that tends to pull it apart. It is expressed as the minimum tensile stress (force per unit area) needed to split the material apart.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Bamboo has a higher tensile strength than steel and can be taped together with natural fibre and resin.
It combines the compressive strength of ordinary concrete with the tensile strength of iron.
Manganese is often added to steel to increase its tensile strength.
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