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tetrarch

[te-trahrk, tee-] /ˈtɛ trɑrk, ˈti-/
noun
1.
any ruler of a fourth part, division, etc.
2.
a subordinate ruler.
3.
one of four joint rulers or chiefs.
4.
the ruler of the fourth part of a country or province in the ancient Roman Empire.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English, tetrarcha, tetrarke < Late Latin tetrarcha, variant of Latin tetrarchēs < Greek tetrárchēs. See tetr-, -arch
Related forms
tetrarchy, tetrarchate
[te-trahr-keyt, -kit, tee-] /ˈtɛ trɑrˌkeɪt, -kɪt, ˈti-/ (Show IPA),
noun
tetrarchic
[te-trahr-kik, ti-] /tɛˈtrɑr kɪk, tɪ-/ (Show IPA),
tetrarchical, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tetrarchate

tetrarch

/ˈtɛtrɑːk/
noun
1.
the ruler of one fourth of a country
2.
a subordinate ruler, esp of Syria under the Roman Empire
3.
the commander of one of the smaller subdivisions of a Macedonian phalanx
4.
any of four joint rulers
Derived Forms
tetrarchate (tɛˈtrɑːˌkeɪt; -kɪt) noun
tetrarchic, tetrarchical, adjective
tetrarchy, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Greek tetrarkhēs; see tetra-, -arch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tetrarchate
tetrarch
late O.E. tetrarche "ruler of one of four divisions of a kingdom or province," from L.L. tetrarcha, from Gk. tetrarkhes "leader of four companies, tetrarch," from tetra- "four" + arkhein "to rule" (see archon). Applied generally to subordinate rulers in the Roman Empire, especially in Syria.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tetrarchate in the Bible

strictly the ruler over the fourth part of a province; but the word denotes a ruler of a province generally (Matt. 14:1; Luke 3:1, 19; 9:7; Acts 13:1). Herod and Phasael, the sons of Antipater, were the first tetrarchs in Palestine. Herod the tetrarch had the title of king (Matt. 14:9).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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