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texture

[teks-cher] /ˈtɛks tʃər/
noun
1.
the visual and especially tactile quality of a surface:
rough texture.
2.
the characteristic structure of the interwoven or intertwined threads, strands, or the like, that make up a textile fabric:
coarse texture.
3.
the characteristic physical structure given to a material, an object, etc., by the size, shape, arrangement, and proportions of its parts:
soil of a sandy texture; a cake with a heavy texture.
4.
an essential or characteristic quality; essence.
5.
Fine Arts.
  1. the characteristic visual and tactile quality of the surface of a work of art resulting from the way in which the materials are used.
  2. the imitation of the tactile quality of represented objects.
6.
the quality given, as to a musical or literary work, by the combination or interrelation of parts or elements.
7.
a rough or grainy surface quality.
8.
anything produced by weaving; woven fabric.
verb (used with object), textured, texturing.
9.
to give texture or a particular texture to.
10.
to make by or as if by weaving.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin textūra web, equivalent to text(us) (past participle of texere to weave) + -ūra -ure
Related forms
textural, adjective
texturally, adverb
textureless, adjective
nontextural, adjective
nontexturally, adverb
retexture, verb (used with object), retextured, retexturing.
semitextural, adjective
semitexturally, adverb
untextural, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for texture
  • By detecting the change in this speckle, it is possible to chart the texture of the surface.
  • These are solid polycarbonate sheets with a texture on one surface.
  • One is to texture the metal surface and then put a water-repelling chemical coating on it.
  • The other approach is to leave the metal surface untouched and texture the coating itself.
  • For the gastronome, the grinder offered a new degree of fineness and consistency of texture.
  • It is important to get the feel of a book-the texture of its paper, the quality of its printing, the nature of its binding.
  • Still, even the clearest images had an uncanny texture and quality.
  • Tear them out of that texture-read about their brats, look at pictures of their vacation-and they mean nothing.
  • Others have compared the lionfish's texture to that of grouper and hogfish.
  • Instead, her aim is to recreate the texture of the day-to-day ebb and flow of events as if they were unfolding before her eyes.
British Dictionary definitions for texture

texture

/ˈtɛkstʃə/
noun
1.
the surface of a material, esp as perceived by the sense of touch: a wall with a rough texture
2.
the structure, appearance, and feel of a woven fabric
3.
the general structure and disposition of the constituent parts of something: the texture of a cake
4.
the distinctive character or quality of something: the texture of life in America
5.
the nature of a surface other than smooth: woollen cloth has plenty of texture
6.
(art) the representation of the nature of a surface: the painter caught the grainy texture of the sand
7.
  1. music considered as the interrelationship between the horizontally presented aspects of melody and rhythm and the vertically represented aspect of harmony: a contrapuntal texture
  2. the nature and quality of the instrumentation of a passage, piece, etc
verb
8.
(transitive) to give a distinctive usually rough or grainy texture to
Derived Forms
textural, adjective
texturally, adverb
textureless, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Latin textūra web, from texere to weave
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for texture
n.

early 15c., "network, structure," from Middle French texture, from Latin textura "web, texture, structure," from stem of texere "to weave," from PIE root *tek- "to weave, to fabricate, to make; make wicker or wattle framework" (cf. Sanskrit taksati "he fashions, constructs," taksan "carpenter;" Avestan taša "ax, hatchet," thwaxš- "be busy;" Old Persian taxš- "be active;" Greek tekton "carpenter," tekhne "art;" Old Church Slavonic tesla "ax, hatchet;" Lithuanian tasau "to carve;" Old Irish tal "cooper's ax;" Old High German dahs, German Dachs "badger," literally "builder;" Hittite taksh- "to join, unite, build"). Meaning "structural character" is recorded from 1650s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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texture in Medicine

texture tex·ture (těks'chər)
n.
The composition or structure of a tissue or organ.


tex'tured adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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texture in Science
texture
  (těks'chər)   
The general physical appearance of a rock, especially with respect to the size, shape, size variability, and geometric arrangement of its mineral crystals (for igneous and metamorphic rocks) and of its constituent elements (for sedimentary rocks). A sandstone that forms as part of an eolian (wind-blown) deposit, for example, has a texture that reflects its small, rounded sand grains of uniform size, while a sandstone that formed as part of a fluvial deposit has a texture reflecting the presence of grains of varying sizes, with some more rounded than others.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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texture in Technology
graphics
A measure of the variation of the intensity of a surface, quantifying properties such as smoothness, coarseness and regularity. It's often used as a region descriptor in image analysis and computer vision.
The three principal approaches used to describe texture are statistical, structural and spectral. Statistical techniques characterise texture by the statistical properties of the grey levels of the points comprising a surface. Typically, these properties are computed from the grey level histogram or grey level cooccurrence matrix of the surface.
Structural techniques characterise texture as being composed of simple primitives called "texels" (texture elements), that are regularly arranged on a surface according to some rules. These rules are formally defined by grammars of various types.
Spectral techiques are based on properties of the Fourier spectrum and describe global periodicity of the grey levels of a surface by identifying high energy peaks in the spectrum.
(1995-05-11)
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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