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hill

[hil] /hɪl/
noun
1.
a natural elevation of the earth's surface, smaller than a mountain.
2.
an incline, especially in a road:
This old jalopy won't make it up the next hill.
3.
an artificial heap, pile, or mound:
a hill made by ants.
4.
a small mound of earth raised about a cultivated plant or a cluster of such plants.
5.
the plant or plants so surrounded:
a hill of potatoes.
6.
Baseball. mound1 (def 4).
7.
the Hill, Capitol Hill.
verb (used with object)
8.
to surround with hills:
to hill potatoes.
9.
to form into a hill or heap.
Idioms
10.
go over the hill, Slang.
  1. to break out of prison.
  2. to absent oneself without leave from one's military unit.
  3. to leave suddenly or mysteriously:
    Rumor has it that her husband has gone over the hill.
11.
over the hill,
  1. relatively advanced in age.
  2. past one's prime.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English hyll; cognate with Middle Dutch hille, Latin collis hill; compare Latin culmen top, peak (see column, culminate), celsus lofty, very high, Gothic hallus rock, Lithuanian kálnas mountain, Greek kolōnós hill, kolophṓn summit (see colophon)
Related forms
hiller, noun
underhill, noun
Synonyms
1. eminence, prominence; mound, knoll, hillock; foothill.
Antonyms
1. hollow, valley.

Capitol Hill

noun
1.
the small hill in Washington, D.C., on which the Capitol stands.
2.
Informal. the U.S. Congress.
Also called the Hill.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for the hill

hill

/hɪl/
noun
1.
  1. a conspicuous and often rounded natural elevation of the earth's surface, less high or craggy than a mountain
  2. (in combination): a hillside, a hilltop
2.
  1. a heap or mound made by a person or animal
  2. (in combination): a dunghill
3.
an incline; slope
4.
over the hill
  1. (informal) beyond one's prime
  2. (military, slang) absent without leave or deserting
5.
up hill and down dale, strenuously and persistently
verb (transitive)
6.
to form into a hill or mound
7.
to cover or surround with a mound or heap of earth
See also hills
Derived Forms
hiller, noun
hilly, adjective
Word Origin
Old English hyll; related to Old Frisian holla head, Latin collis hill, Low German hull hill

Hill

/hɪl/
noun
1.
Archibald Vivian. 1886–1977, British biochemist, noted for his research into heat loss in muscle contraction: shared the Nobel prize for physiology or medicine (1922)
2.
Damon Graham Devereux, son of Graham Hill. born 1960, British motor-racing driver; Formula One world champion (1996)
3.
David Octavius 1802–70, Scottish painter and portrait photographer, noted esp for his collaboration with the chemist Robert Adamson (1821–48)
4.
Sir Geoffrey (William). born 1932, British poet: his books include King Log (1968), Mercian Hymns (1971), The Mystery of the Charity of Charles Péguy (1983), and The Orchards of Syon (2002)
5.
Graham. 1929–75, British motor-racing driver: world champion (1962, 1968)
6.
Octavia. 1838–1912, British housing reformer; a founder of the National Trust
7.
Sir Rowland. 1795–1879, British originator of the penny postage
8.
Susan (Elizabeth). born 1942, British novelist and writer of short stories: her books include I'm the King of the Castle (1970) The Woman in Black (1983), and Felix Derby (2002)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for the hill

hill

n.

Old English hyll "hill," from Proto-Germanic *hulni- (cf. Middle Dutch hille, Low German hull "hill," Old Norse hallr "stone," Gothic hallus "rock," Old Norse holmr "islet in a bay," Old English holm "rising land, island"), from PIE root *kel- "to rise, be elevated, be prominent" (cf. Sanskrit kutam "top, skull;" Latin collis "hill," columna "projecting object," culmen "top, summit," cellere "raise," celsus "high;" Greek kolonos "hill," kolophon "summit;" Lithuanian kalnas "mountain," kalnelis "hill," kelti "raise"). Formerly including mountains, now usually confined to heights under 2,000 feet.

In Great Britain heights under 2,000 feet are generally called hills; 'mountain' being confined to the greater elevations of the Lake District, of North Wales, and of the Scottish Highlands; but, in India, ranges of 5,000 and even 10,000 feet are commonly called 'hills,' in contrast with the Himalaya Mountains, many peaks of which rise beyond 20,000 feet. [OED]



The term mountain is very loosely used. It commonly means any unusual elevation. In New England and central New York, elevations of from one to two thousand feet are called hills, but on the plains of Texas, a hill of a few hundred feet is called a mountain. [Ralph S. Tarr, "Elementary Geology," Macmillan, 1903]



Despite the differences in defining mountain systems, Penck (1896), Supan (1911) and Obst (1914) agreed that the distinction between hills, mountains, and mountain systems according to areal extent or height is not a suitable classification. ["Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology," 2004]
Phrase over the hill "past one's prime" is first recorded 1950.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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the hill in Medicine

Hill (hĭl), Archibald Vivian. 1886-1977.

British physiologist. He shared a 1922 Nobel Prize for his investigation of heat production in muscles and nerves.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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the hill in Culture

Capitol Hill definition


A hill in Washington, D.C., on which the United States Capitol building sits. (See photo, next page.) The House of Representatives and the Senate meet in the Capitol. (See on the Hill.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for the hill

hill

noun

The pitcher's mound (1908+ Baseball)

Related Terms

drive someone over the hill, go over the hill, over the hill


Hill

Related Terms

sam hill


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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the hill in the Bible

(1.) Heb. gib'eah, a curved or rounded hill, such as are common to Palestine (Ps. 65:12; 72:3; 114:4, 6). (2.) Heb. har, properly a mountain range rather than an individual eminence (Ex. 24:4, 12, 13, 18; Num. 14:40, 44, 45). In Deut. 1:7, Josh. 9:1; 10:40; 11:16, it denotes the elevated district of Judah, Benjamin, and Ephraim, which forms the watershed between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. (3.) Heb. ma'aleh in 1 Sam. 9:11. Authorized Version "hill" is correctly rendered in the Revised Version "ascent." (4.) In Luke 9:37 the "hill" is the Mount of Transfiguration.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with the hill
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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