the bereaved

bereaved

[bih-reevd]
adjective
1.
(of a person) greatly saddened at being deprived by death of a loved one.
noun
2.
a bereaved person or persons (usually preceded by the ): to extend condolences to the bereaved.

Origin:
1100–50; Middle English bireved, late Old English birēafod (past participle); see bereave, -ed2

unbereaved, adjective
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World English Dictionary
bereaved (bɪˈriːvd)
 
adj
having been deprived of something or someone valued, esp through death

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

bereave
O.E. bereafian "to deprive of, take away, seize, rob," from be + reafian "rob, plunder," from P.Gmc. *raubojanan, from PIE *reup-, *reub- "to snatch." A common Germanic formation (cf. Du. berooven, Ger. berauben, Goth. biraubon). Since mid-17c., mostly in reference to life, hope, loved ones, and other
immaterial possessions. Past tense forms bereaved and bereft have co-existed since 14c., now slightly differentiated in meaning, the former applied to loss of loved ones, the latter to circumstances.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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