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Colony

[kol-uh-nee] /ˈkɒl ə ni/
noun
1.
The, a city in NE Texas.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for the colony

colony

/ˈkɒlənɪ/
noun (pl) -nies
1.
a body of people who settle in a country distant from their homeland but maintain ties with it
2.
the community formed by such settlers
3.
a subject territory occupied by a settlement from the ruling state
4.
  1. a community of people who form a national, racial, or cultural minority: an artists' colony, the American colony in London
  2. the area itself
5.
(zoology)
  1. a group of the same type of animal or plant living or growing together, esp in large numbers
  2. an interconnected group of polyps of a colonial organism
6.
(bacteriol) a group of bacteria, fungi, etc, derived from one or a few spores, esp when grown on a culture medium
Word Origin
C16: from Latin colōnia, from colere to cultivate, inhabit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for the colony

colony

n.

late 14c., "ancient Roman settlement outside Italy," from Latin colonia "settled land, farm, landed estate," from colonus "husbandman, tenant farmer, settler in new land," from colere "to inhabit, cultivate, frequent, practice, tend, guard, respect," from PIE root *kwel- "move around" (source of Latin -cola "inhabitant;" see cycle (n.)). Also used by the Romans to translate Greek apoikia "people from home." Modern application dates from 1540s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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the colony in Medicine

colony col·o·ny (kŏl'ə-nē)
n.
A discrete group of organisms, such as a group of cells growing on a solid nutrient surface.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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the colony in Science
colony
  (kŏl'ə-nē)   
A group of the same kind of animals, plants, or one-celled organisms living or growing together. Organisms live in colonies for their mutual benefit, and especially their protection. Multicellular organisms may have evolved out of colonies of unicellular organisms.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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the colony in the Bible

The city of Philippi was a Roman colony (Acts 16:12), i.e., a military settlement of Roman soldiers and citizens, planted there to keep in subjection a newly-conquered district. A colony was Rome in miniature, under Roman municipal law, but governed by military officers (praetors and lictors), not by proconsuls. It had an independent internal government, the jus Italicum; i.e., the privileges of Italian citizens.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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