the die is cast

die

2 [dahy]
noun, plural dies for 1, 2, 4, dice for 3.
1.
Machinery.
a.
any of various devices for cutting or forming material in a press or a stamping or forging machine.
b.
a hollow device of steel, often composed of several pieces to be fitted into a stock, for cutting the threads of bolts or the like.
c.
one of the separate pieces of such a device.
d.
a steel block or plate with small conical holes through which wire, plastic rods, etc., are drawn.
2.
an engraved stamp for impressing a design upon some softer material, as in coining money.
3.
singular of dice.
4.
Architecture, dado ( def 1 ).
verb (used with object), died, dieing.
5.
to impress, shape, or cut with a die.
Idioms
6.
the die is cast, the irrevocable decision has been made; fate has taken charge: The die is cast—I can't turn back.

Origin:
1300–50; Middle English de (in early Modern English taking the vowel of the plural form dice) < Old French de(i), presumbly < Latin datum given (neuter past participle of dare to give), perhaps in the derivative sense “put, placed,” hence “played, cast”

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World English Dictionary
die1 (daɪ)
 
vb (often foll by away, down, or out) (often foll by away or down) (foll by for or an infinitive) , dies, dying, died
1.  (of an organism or its cells, organs, etc) to cease all biological activity permanently: she died of pneumonia
2.  (of something inanimate) to cease to exist; come to an end: the memory of her will never die
3.  to lose strength, power, or energy, esp by degrees
4.  to become calm or quiet; subside: the noise slowly died down
5.  to stop functioning: the engine died
6.  to languish or pine, as with love, longing, etc
7.  informal (usually foll by of) to be nearly overcome (with laughter, boredom, etc)
8.  theol to lack spiritual life within the soul, thus separating it from God and leading to eternal punishment
9.  (tr) to undergo or suffer (a death of a specified kind) (esp in phrases such as die a saintly death)
10.  (foll by to) to become indifferent or apathetic (to): to die to the world
11.  informal never say die never give up
12.  die hard to cease to exist after resistance or a struggle: old habits die hard
13.  die in harness to die while still working or active, prior to retirement
14.  be dying to be eager or desperate (for something or to do something): I'm dying to see the new house
15.  informal to die for highly desirable: a salary to die for
 
usage  It was formerly considered incorrect to use the preposition from after die, but of and from are now both acceptable: he died of/from his injuries

die2 (daɪ)
 
n
1.  a.  a shaped block of metal or other hard material used to cut or form metal in a drop forge, press, or similar device
 b.  a tool of metal, silicon carbide, or other hard material with a conical hole through which wires, rods, or tubes are drawn to reduce their diameter
2.  Compare tap an internally-threaded tool for cutting external threads
3.  See also die-cast a casting mould giving accurate dimensions and a good surface to the object cast
4.  architect the dado of a pedestal, usually cubic
5.  another name for dice
6.  as straight as a die perfectly honest
7.  the die is cast the decision that commits a person irrevocably to an action has been taken
 
[C13 dee, from Old French de, perhaps from Vulgar Latin datum (unattested) a piece in games, noun use of past participle of Latin dare to play]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

die
mid-12c., possibly from O.Dan. døja or O.N. deyja "to die, pass away," both from P.Gmc. *dawjanan, from PIE base *dheu- "to pass away, become senseless." It has been speculated that O.E. had *diegan, from the same source, but it is not in any of the surviving texts and the preferred words were
steorfan (see starve), sweltan (see swelter), wesan dead, also forðgan and other euphemisms. Languages usually don't borrow words from abroad for central life experiences, but "die" words are an exception, since they are often hidden or changed euphemistically out of superstitious dread. A Du. euphemism translates as "to give the pipe to Maarten." Regularly spelled dege through 15c., and still pronounced "dee" by some in Lancashire and Scotland. Used figuratively (of sounds, etc.) from 1580s. Related: Died; dies.

die
early 14c. (as a plural), from O.Fr. de, of uncertain origin, perhaps from L. datum "given," pp. of dare (see date (1)), which, in addition to "give," had a secondary sense of "to play" (as a chess piece); or else from "what is given" (by chance or Fortune). Sense of "stamping
block or tool" first recorded 1690s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

die (dī)
v. died, dy·ing (dī'ĭng), dies

  1. To cease living; become dead; expire.

  2. To cease existing, especially by degrees; fade.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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