the east

east

[eest]
noun
1.
a cardinal point of the compass, 90° to the right of north. Abbreviation: E
2.
the direction in which this point lies.
3.
(usually initial capital letter) a quarter or territory situated in this direction.
4.
a.
the parts of Asia collectively lying east of Europe and including Asia Minor, Syria, Arabia, India, China, etc.; the Orient.
b.
the Far East.
c.
(formerly) the Soviet Union and its allies.
d.
the part of the U.S. east of the Mississippi River.
e.
the part of the U.S. east of the Allegheny Mountains.
f.
New England.
g.
Ancient and Medieval History. the Eastern Roman Empire.
adjective
5.
directed or proceeding toward the east.
6.
coming from the east: an east wind.
7.
lying toward or situated in the east: the east side.
8.
Ecclesiastical. being at the end of the church where the high altar is: an east window.
adverb
9.
to, toward, or in the east: an island located east of Sumatra; He went east.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English est, Old English ēast; cognate with German ost, Old Norse austr; akin to Latin aurōra, Greek aúōs (dialectal variant of ēṓs, héōs) dawn. See Easter

eastness, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
east (iːst)
 
n
1.  one of the four cardinal points of the compass, 90° clockwise from north and 180° from west
2.  the direction along a parallel towards the sunrise, at 90° to north; the direction of the earth's rotation
3.  (often capital) the east any area lying in or towards the eastRelated: oriental
4.  (usually capital) cards the player or position at the table corresponding to east on the compass
 
adj
5.  situated in, moving towards, or facing the east
6.  (esp of the wind) from the east
 
adv
7.  in, to, or towards the east
8.  archaic (of the wind) from the east
 
Related: oriental
 
[Old English ēast; related to Old High German ōstar to the east, Old Norse austr, Latin aurora dawn, Greek eōs, Sanskrit usās dawn, morning]

East (iːst)
 
n
1.  the continent of Asia regarded as culturally distinct from Europe and the West; the Orient
2.  Compare West the countries under Communist rule and formerly under Communist rule, lying mainly in the E hemisphere
3.  in the US
 a.  the area north of the Ohio and east of the Mississippi
 b.  the area north of Maryland and east of the Alleghenies
 
adj
4.  a.  of or denoting the eastern part of a specified country, area, etc
 b.  (as part of a name): East Sussex
 
'Eastern
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

east
O.E. east, from P.Gmc. *aus-to-, *austra- "east, toward the sunrise" (cf. Du. oost, Ger. Ost, O.N. austr "from the east"), from PIE *aus- "dawn" (cf. Skt. ushas "dawn," Gk. aurion "morning," O.Ir. usah, Lith. auszra "dawn," L. aurora "dawn," auster "south"), lit. "to shine." The east is the direction
in which dawn breaks. For shift in sense in L., see Australia. Meaning "the eastern part of the world" (from Europe) is from c.1300. Cold War use of East for "communist states" first recorded 1951. Natives of eastern Germany and the Baltics were known as easterlings 16c.-18c. The east wind in Biblical Palestine was scorching and destructive (cf. Ezek. xvii.10); in New England it is bleak, wet, unhealthful. East End of London so called from 1846; East Side of Manhattan so called from 1882; East Indies (India and Southeast Asia) so called 1590s to distinguish them from the West Indies.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

East definition


(1.) The orient (mizrah); the rising of the sun. Thus "the east country" is the country lying to the east of Syria, the Elymais (Zech. 8:7). (2). Properly what is in front of one, or a country that is before or in front of another; the rendering of the word _kedem_. In pointing out the quarters, a Hebrew always looked with his face toward the east. The word _kedem_ is used when the four quarters of the world are described (Gen. 13:14; 28:14); and _mizrah_ when the east only is distinguished from the west (Josh. 11:3; Ps. 50:1; 103:12, etc.). In Gen. 25:6 "eastward" is literally "unto the land of kedem;" i.e., the lands lying east of Palestine, namely, Arabia, Mesopotamia, etc.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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