the establishment

establishment

[ih-stab-lish-muhnt]
noun
1.
the act or an instance of establishing.
2.
the state or fact of being established.
3.
something established; a constituted order or system.
4.
(often initial capital letter) the existing power structure in society; the dominant groups in society and their customs or institutions; institutional authority (usually preceded by the ): The Establishment believes exploring outer space is worth any tax money spent.
5.
(often initial capital letter) the dominant group in a field of endeavor, organization, etc. (usually preceded by the ): the literary Establishment.
6.
a household; place of residence including its furnishings, grounds, etc.
7.
a place of business together with its employees, merchandise, equipment, etc.
8.
a permanent civil, military, or other force or organization.
9.
an institution, as a school, hospital, etc.
10.
the recognition by a state of a church as the state church.
11.
the church so recognized, especially the Church of England.
12.
Archaic. a fixed or settled income.

Origin:
1475–85; 1920–25 for def 4; establish + -ment

nonestablishment, noun, adjective
reestablishment, noun
superestablishment, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
establishment (ɪˈstæblɪʃmənt)
 
n
1.  the act of establishing or state of being established
2.  a.  a business organization or other large institution
 b.  the place where a business is carried on
3.  the staff and equipment of a commercial or other organization
4.  the approved size, composition, and equipment of a military unit, government department, business division, etc, as formally promulgated
5.  any large organization, institution, or system
6.  a household or place of residence
7.  a body of employees or servants
8.  (modifier) belonging to or characteristic of the Establishment; orthodox or conservative: the establishment view of history

Establishment (ɪˈstæblɪʃmənt)
 
n
the Establishment a group or class of people having institutional authority within a society, esp those who control the civil service, the government, the armed forces, and the Church: usually identified with a conservative outlook

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

establishment
1731, "established Church;" from establish + -ment. Meaning "ruling people and institutions" is from 1923.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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