the handicapped

handicapped

[han-dee-kapt]
adjective
1.
physically or mentally disabled.
2.
(of a contestant) marked by, being under, or having a handicap: a handicapped player.
noun
3.
(used with a plural verb) handicapped persons collectively (usually preceded by the ): increased job opportunities for the handicapped.

Origin:
1910–15; handicap + -ed3

multihandicapped, adjective
nonhandicapped, adjective
unhandicapped, adjective


See cripple.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
handicapped (ˈhændɪˌkæpt)
 
adj
1.  physically disabled
2.  psychol denoting a person whose social behaviour or emotional reactions are in some way impaired
3.  (of a competitor) assigned a handicap
 
usage  Nowadays the use of the word handicapped to describe people with disabilities is generally considered inappropriate. It is preferable to refer to someone as having a disability and to talk about people with disabilities

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

handicap
c.1653, from hand in cap, a game whereby two bettors would engage a neutral umpire to determine the odds in an unequal contest. The bettors would put their hands holding forfeit money into a hat or cap. The umpire would announce the odds and the bettors would withdraw their hands -- hands full meaning
that they accepted the odds and the bet was on, hands empty meaning they did not accept the bet and were willing to forfeit the money. If one forfeited, then the money went to the other. If both agreed on either forfeiting or going ahead with the wager, then the umpire kept the money as payment. The custom, though not the name, is attested from 14c. Reference to horse racing is 1754 (Handy-Cap Match), where the umpire decrees the superior horse should carry extra weight as a "handicap;" this led to sense of "encumbrance, disability" first recorded 1890. The verb sense of "equalize chances of competitors" is first recorded 1852, but is implied in the horse-race sense. Meaning "put at a disadvantage" is 1864. The main modern sense, "disability," is the last to develop; handicapped (adj.) is 1915.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

handicap hand·i·cap (hān'dē-kāp')
n.
A physical, mental, or emotional condition that interferes with one's normal functioning.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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