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yard1

[yahrd] /yɑrd/
noun
1.
a common unit of linear measure in English-speaking countries, equal to 3 feet or 36 inches, and equivalent to 0.9144 meter.
2.
Nautical. a long spar, supported more or less at its center, to which the head of a square sail, lateen sail, or lugsail is bent.
4.
Informal. a large quantity or extent.
5.
Slang. one hundred or, usually, one thousand dollars.
Idioms
6.
the whole nine yards, Informal.
  1. everything that is pertinent, appropriate, or available.
  2. in all ways; in every respect; all the way:
    If you want to run for mayor, I'll be with you the whole nine yards.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English yerd(e), Old English (Anglian) gerd orig., straight twig; cognate with Dutch gard, German Gerte rod
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for the whole nine yards

yard1

/jɑːd/
noun
1.
a unit of length equal to 3 feet and defined in 1963 as exactly 0.9144 metre yd
2.
a cylindrical wooden or hollow metal spar, tapered at the ends, slung from a mast of a square-rigged or lateen-rigged vessel and used for suspending a sail
3.
short for yardstick (sense 2)
4.
(Austral, informal) put in the hard yards, to make a great effort to achieve an end
5.
(informal) the whole nine yards, everything that is required; the whole thing
Word Origin
Old English gierd rod, twig; related to Old Frisian jerde, Old Saxon gerdia, Old High German gertia, Old Norse gaddr

yard2

/jɑːd/
noun
1.
a piece of enclosed ground, usually either paved or laid with concrete and often adjoining or surrounded by a building or buildings
2.
  1. an enclosed or open area used for some commercial activity, for storage, etc: a railway yard
  2. (in combination): a brickyard, a shipyard
3.
a US and Canadian word for garden (sense 1)
4.
an area having a network of railway tracks and sidings, used for storing rolling stock, making up trains, etc
5.
(US & Canadian) the winter pasture of deer, moose, and similar animals
6.
(Austral & NZ) an enclosed area used to draw off part of a herd, etc
7.
(NZ) short for saleyard, stockyard
verb (transitive)
8.
to draft (animals), esp to a saleyard
Word Origin
Old English geard; related to Old Saxon gard, Old High German gart, Old Norse garthr yard, Gothic gards house, Old Slavonic gradu town, castle, Albanian garth hedge

Yard

/jɑːd/
noun
1.
(Brit, informal) the Yard, short for Scotland Yard
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for the whole nine yards

yard

n.

"ground around a house," Old English geard "enclosure, garden, court, house, yard," from Proto-Germanic *garda (cf. Old Norse garðr "enclosure, garden, yard;" Old Frisian garda, Dutch gaard, Old High German garto, German Garten "garden;" Gothic gards "house," garda "stall"), from PIE *gharto-, from root *gher- "to grasp, enclose" (cf. Old English gyrdan "to gird," Sanskrit ghra- "house," Albanian garth "hedge," Latin hortus "garden," Phrygian -gordum "town," Greek khortos "pasture," Old Irish gort "field," Breton garz "enclosure, garden," and second element in Latin cohors "enclosure, yard, company of soldiers, multitude").

Lithuanian gardas "pen, enclosure," Old Church Slavonic gradu "town, city," and Russian gorod, -grad "town, city" belong to this group, but linguists dispute whether they are independent developments or borrowings from Germanic. Yard sale is attested by 1976. Middle English yerd "yard-land" (mid-15c.) was a measure of about 30 acres.

measure of length, Old English gerd (Mercian), gierd (West Saxon) "rod, stick, measure of length," from West Germanic *gazdijo, from Proto-Germanic *gazdaz "stick, rod" (cf. Old Saxon gerda, Old Frisian ierde, Dutch gard "rod;" Old High German garta, German gerte "switch, twig," Old Norse gaddr "spike, sting, nail"), from PIE *gherdh- "staff, pole" (cf. Latin hasta "shaft, staff"). The nautical yardarm retains the original sense of "stick."

Originally in Anglo-Saxon times a land measure of roughly 5 meters (a length later called rod, pole, or perch). Modern measure of "three feet" is attested from late 14c. (earlier rough equivalent was the ell of 45 inches, and the verge). In Middle English, the word also was a euphemism for "penis" (cf. "Love's Labour's Lost," V.ii.676). Slang meaning "one hundred dollars" first attested 1926, American English.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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the whole nine yards in Science
yard
  (yärd)   
A unit of length in the US Customary System equal to 3 feet or 36 inches (0.91 meter). See Table at measurement.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for the whole nine yards

yard 1

noun

A hundred dollars; a $100 bill: ''Mac, what you payin' for this?'' Stony looked around the room. ''A yard and ahalf ''

Related Terms

half a yard

[1926+; fr the unit of measure]


yard 2

verb

To be sexually unfaithful; cheat: She told him she didn't like to yard on her man

Related Terms

the back yard

[1960+ Black; said to be fr the phrase backyard woman, ''mistress, illicit sex partner'']


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with the whole nine yards
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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