adjective, richer, richest.
having wealth or great possessions; abundantly supplied with resources, means, or funds; wealthy: a rich man; a rich nation.
abounding in natural resources: a rich territory.
having wealth or valuable resources (usually followed by in ): a country rich in traditions.
abounding (usually followed by in or with ): a countryside rich in beauty; a design rich with colors.
of great value or worth; valuable: a rich harvest.
(of food) delectably and perhaps unhealthfully spicy, or sweet and abounding in butter or cream: a rich gravy; a rich pastry.
costly, expensively elegant, or fine, as dress or jewels.
sumptuous; elaborately abundant: a rich feast.
using valuable materials or characterized by elaborate workmanship, as buildings or furniture.
abounding in desirable elements or qualities: a man rich in kindness.
(of wine) strong and finely flavored.
(of color) deep, strong, or vivid: rich purple.
full and mellow in tone: rich sounds; a rich voice.
strongly fragrant; pungent: a rich odor.
producing or yielding abundantly: a rich soil.
abundant, plentiful, or ample: a rich supply.
Automotive. (of a mixture in a fuel system) having a relatively high ratio of fuel to air (contrasted with lean ).
highly amusing.
ridiculous; absurd.
(used with a plural verb) rich persons collectively (usually preceded by the ): new tax shelters for the rich.

before 900; Middle English; Old English rīce (adj.) ≪ Celtic; cognate with German reich wealthy; akin to Latin rēx, Sanskrit rājan king

richly, adverb
richness, noun
overrich, adjective
overrichly, adverb
overrichness, noun
superrich, adjective, noun
ultrarich, adjective, noun

1. well-to-do, moneyed. Rich, wealthy, affluent all indicate abundance of possessions. Rich is the general word; it may imply that possessions are newly acquired: an oilman who became rich overnight. Wealthy suggests permanence, stability, and appropriate surroundings: a wealthy banker. Affluent usually suggests a generous amount of income, with a high standard of living and some social prestige and privilege: an affluent family. 5. bountiful, copious, luxuriant. 7. precious, high-priced, dear. 12. intense, vibrant. 14. aromatic. 15. fruitful, productive, prolific, luxuriant. 16. bountiful, copious, abounding, bounteous.

1–5, 15, 16. poor. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
rich (rɪtʃ)
adj (when postpositive, usually foll by in) (when postpositive, usually foll by in or with)
1.  a.  well supplied with wealth, property, etc; owning much
 b.  (as collective noun; preceded by the): the rich
2.  having an abundance of natural resources, minerals, etc: a land rich in metals
3.  producing abundantly; fertile: rich soil
4.  well supplied (with desirable qualities); abundant (in): a country rich with cultural interest
5.  of great worth or quality; valuable: a rich collection of antiques
6.  luxuriant or prolific: a rich growth of weeds
7.  expensively elegant, elaborate, or fine; costly: a rich display
8.  (of food) having a large proportion of flavoursome or fatty ingredients, such as spices, butter, or cream
9.  having a full-bodied flavour: a rich ruby port
10.  (of a smell) pungent or fragrant
11.  (of colour) intense or vivid; deep: a rich red
12.  (of sound or a voice) full, mellow, or resonant
13.  Compare weak (of a fuel-air mixture) containing a relatively high proportion of fuel
14.  very amusing, laughable, or ridiculous: a rich joke; a rich situation
15.  See riches
[Old English rīce (originally of persons: great, mighty), of Germanic origin, ultimately from Celtic (compare Old Irish king)]

Rich (rɪtʃ)
1.  Adrienne. born 1929, US poet and feminist writer; her volumes of poetry include Snapshots of a Daughter-in-Law (1963) and Diving Into the Wreck (1973)
2.  Buddy, real name Bernard Rich. 1917--87, US jazz drummer and band leader

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. rice "wealthy, powerful, mighty," from P.Gmc. *rikijaz (cf. O.N. rikr, O.H.G. rihhi "ruler, powerful, rich," O.Fris. rike, Du. rijk, Ger. reich "rich," Goth. reiks "ruler, powerful, rich"), borrowed from a Celtic source akin to Gaulish *rix, O.Ir. ri (gen. rig) "king," from PIE base *reg- "move
in a straight line," hence, "direct, rule" (see rex). The form of the word infl. in M.E. by O.Fr. riche "wealthy," from Frank. *riki "powerful," from the Gmc. source. The evolution of the word reflects a connection between wealth and power in the ancient world. Of food and colors, from early 14c.; of sounds, from 1590s. Sense of "entertaining, amusing" is recorded from 1760. The noun meaning "the wealthy" was in O.E.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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