Theocracies

theocracy

[thee-ok-ruh-see]
noun, plural theocracies.
1.
a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.
2.
a system of government by priests claiming a divine commission.
3.
a commonwealth or state under such a form or system of government.

Origin:
1615–25; < Greek theokratía. See theo-, -cracy

theocratic [thee-uh-krat-ik] , theocratical, adjective
theocratically, adverb
nontheocratic, adjective
nontheocratical, adjective
nontheocratically, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
theocracy (θɪˈɒkrəsɪ)
 
n , pl -cies
1.  government by a deity or by a priesthood
2.  a community or political unit under such government
 
'theocrat
 
n
 
theo'cratic
 
adj
 
theo'cratical
 
adj
 
theo'cratically
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

theocracy
1622, "sacerdotal government under divine inspiration" (as that of Israel before the rise of kings), from Gk. theokratia "the rule of God" (Josephus), from theos "god" (see Thea) + kratos "a rule, regime, strength" (see -cracy). Meaning "priestly
or religious body wielding political and civil power" is recorded from 1825.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
theocracy [(thee-ok-ruh-see)]

A nation or state in which the clergy exercise political power and in which religious law is dominant over civil law. Iran led by the Ayatollah Khomeini was a theocracy under the Islamic clergy. (See Islam.)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Theocracy definition


a word first used by Josephus to denote that the Jews were under the direct government of God himself. The nation was in all things subject to the will of their invisible King. All the people were the servants of Jehovah, who ruled over their public and private affairs, communicating to them his will through the medium of the prophets. They were the subjects of a heavenly, not of an earthly, king. They were Jehovah's own subjects, ruled directly by him (comp. 1 Sam. 8:6-9).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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