Theognis

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theognis

ancient Greek elegiac poet whose work preserved a glimpse into Greek society in a time of turmoil. More than half of all surviving elegiac poetry in ancient Greek was transmitted under his name, preserved in a collection of elegiac couplets in two books, or papyrus rolls, consisting of 1,389 verses, some of which are variants of each other. The collection includes poems by other authors, such as Tyrtaeus, Mimnermus (both 7th century BC), and Solon (early 6th century BC). One elegy mentions the "war with the Medes," which could refer either to the conquest of Ionia by Cyrus the Great (547 or 546 BC) or, more likely, to one of the Persian invasions of Greece (490 or 480/479 BC).

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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