noun, plural theologies.
the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; study of divine things or religious truth; divinity.
a particular form, system, branch, or course of this study.

1325–75; Middle English theologie < Old French < Late Latin theologia < Greek theología. See theo-, -logy

antitheology, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
theology (θɪˈɒlədʒɪ)
n , pl -gies
1.  the systematic study of the existence and nature of the divine and its relationship to and influence upon other beings
2.  a specific branch of this study, undertaken from the perspective of a particular group: feminist theology
3.  the systematic study of Christian revelation concerning God's nature and purpose, esp through the teaching of the Church
4.  a specific system, form, or branch of this study, esp for those preparing for the ministry or priesthood
[C14: from Late Latin theologia, from Latin; see theo-, -logy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., from O.Fr. theologie "philosophical treatment of Christian doctrine" (14c.), from L. theologia, from Gk. theologia "an account of the gods," from theologos "one discoursing on the gods," from theos "god" (see Thea) + -logos "treating of."
"Theology moves back and forth between two poles, the eternal truth of its foundations and the temporal situation in which the eternal truth must be received." [Paul Tillich, "Systematic Theology," 1951]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

theology definition

The disciplined study of religious questions, such as the nature of God, sin, and salvation.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Computing Dictionary

theology definition

1. Ironically or humorously used to refer to religious issues.
2. Technical fine points of an abstruse nature, especially those where the resolution is of theoretical interest but is relatively marginal with respect to actual use of a design or system. Used especially around software issues with a heavy AI or language-design component, such as the smart-data vs. smart-programs dispute in AI.
[Jargon File]

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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Example sentences
Brain science helps fill the hole left by the atrophy of theology and
He did physics and mathematics as a part of his theology and he did it only for
  a few years.
First you have to determine whether you are answering a question of biology,
  theology, or law.
At their best, science fiction and theology can leave us awestruck before the
  unutterable strangeness and vastness of the cosmos.
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