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thiamine

[thahy-uh-min, -meen] /ˈθaɪ ə mɪn, -ˌmin/
noun, Biochemistry
1.
a white, crystalline, water-soluble compound of the vitamin-B complex, containing a thiazole and a pyrimidine group, C 12 H 17 ClN 4 OS, essential for normal functioning of the nervous system, a deficiency of which results chiefly in beriberi and other nerve disorders: occurring in many natural sources, as green peas, liver, and especially the seed coats of cereal grains, the commercial product of which is chiefly synthesized in the form of its chloride (thiamine chloride or thiamine hydrochloride) for therapeutic administration, or in nitrate form (thiamine mononitrate) for enriching flour mixes.
Also, thiamin
[thahy-uh-min] /ˈθaɪ ə mɪn/ (Show IPA)
.
Also called vitamin B1, aneurin, aneurine.
Origin
1905-1910
1905-10; thi- + amine
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for thiamine hydro chloride

thiamine

/ˈθaɪəˌmiːn; -mɪn/
noun
1.
(biochem) a soluble white crystalline vitamin that occurs in the outer coat of rice and other grains. It forms part of the vitamin B complex and is essential for carbohydrate metabolism: deficiency leads to nervous disorders and to the disease beriberi. Formula: C12H17ON4SCl.H2O Also vitamin B1, aneurin
Word Origin
C20: thio- + (vit)amin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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thiamine hydro chloride in Medicine

thiamine thi·a·mine (thī'ə-mĭn, -mēn') or thi·a·min (-mĭn)
n.
A vitamin of the vitamin B complex, found in meat, yeast, and the bran coat of grains, and necessary for carbohydrate metabolism and normal neural activity. Also called vitamin B1.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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thiamine hydro chloride in Science
thiamine
  (thī'ə-mĭn)   
A water-soluble pyrimidine derivative belonging to the vitamin B complex that is important in carbohydrate metabolism and normal activity of the nervous system. It is found in pork, organ meats, whole grain cereals, legumes, and nuts. Deficiency of thiamine in the diet results in beriberi. Also called vitamin B1. Chemical formula: C12H17ClN4OS.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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