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thiourea

[thahy-oh-yoo-ree-uh, -yoo r-ee-uh] /ˌθaɪ oʊ yʊˈri ə, -ˈyʊər i ə/
noun, Chemistry
1.
a colorless, crystalline, bitter-tasting, water-soluble solid, CH 4 N 2 S, derived from urea by replacement of the oxygen with sulfur: used chiefly in photography, inorganic synthesis, and to accelerate the vulcanization of rubber.
Also called thiocarbamide.
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95; < New Latin; see thio-, urea
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for thiourea
  • The agrochemical, thiourea, can rapidly transform volatile halogenated fumigants to non-volatile products.
British Dictionary definitions for thiourea

thiourea

/ˌθaɪəʊˈjʊərɪə/
noun
1.
a white water-soluble crystalline substance with a bitter taste that forms addition compounds with metal ions and is used in photographic fixing, rubber vulcanization, and the manufacture of synthetic resins. Formula: H2NCSNH2
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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thiourea in Science
thiourea
  (thī'ō-y-rē'ə)   
A lustrous white crystalline compound used as a developer in photography and photocopying and in various organic syntheses. Thiourea has the same structure as urea, but with a sulfur atom in place of the oxygen atom. Chemical formula: CH4N2S.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for thiourea

thiocarbamide

an organic compound that resembles urea (q.v.) but contains sulfur instead of oxygen; i.e., the molecular formula is CS(NH2)2, while that of urea is CO(NH2)2. Like urea, it can be prepared by causing a compound with the same chemical composition to undergo rearrangement, as by heating ammonium thiocyanate (NH4SCN). A method of preparation more commonly used consists of the addition of hydrogen sulfide to cyanamide. Thiourea exhibits many of the chemical properties of urea, but it has little commercial application. The small quantity of thiourea consumed is utilized primarily in photography as a fixing agent, in the manufacture of a thermosetting resin, as an insecticide, as a textile-treating agent, and as starting material for certain dyes and drugs. Thiourea forms as colourless crystals melting at 182 C (360 F). It is toxic, although the fatal dosage is not well established

Learn more about thiocarbamide with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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