thirst

[thurst]
noun
1.
a sensation of dryness in the mouth and throat caused by need of liquid.
2.
the physical condition resulting from this need, in any of various degrees: They almost died of thirst.
3.
strong or eager desire; craving: a thirst for knowledge.
verb (used without object)
4.
to feel thirst; be thirsty.
5.
to have a strong desire.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English thirsten (v.), Old English thyrstan, derivative of thurst (noun); cognate with Dutch dorst, German Durst, Old Norse thorsti, Gothic thaurstei; noun has -i- from the v. or from thirsty; see toast1

thirster, noun
unthirsting, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
thirst (θɜːst)
 
n
1.  a craving to drink, accompanied by a feeling of dryness in the mouth and throat
2.  an eager longing, craving, or yearning: a thirst for knowledge
 
vb
3.  (intr) to feel a thirst: to thirst for a drink; to thirst after righteousness
 
[Old English thyrstan, from thurst thirst; related to Old Norse thyrsta to thirst, Old High German dursten to thirst, Latin torrēre to parch]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

thirst
O.E. þurst, from W.Gmc. *thurstus (cf. O.S. thurst, Fris. torst, Du. dorst, O.H.G., Ger. durst), from P.Gmc. *thurs-, from PIE base *ters- "dry" (see terrain). Fig. sense of "vehement desire" is attested from c.1200. The verb is O.E. þyrstan; the fig. sense of
the verb was present in O.E. Thirsty is O.E. þurstig.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

thirst (thûrst)
n.

  1. A sensation of dryness in the mouth and throat related to a need or desire to drink.

  2. The desire or need to drink.

v. thirst·ed, thirst·ing, thirsts
To feel a need to drink.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
So she poured out the liquid music of her voice to quench the thirst of his
  spirit.
The work references the world's growing thirst for clean water in the face of
  shortages, drought and climatic shifts.
The work clearly references the world's growing thirst for clean water in the
  face of shortages, drought and climatic shifts.
The body regulates its water content mainly by balancing water intake through
  thirst with water loss through urine production.
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