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Old English Hæstingas "The Hastings; settlement of the family or followers of a man called *Hæsta;" literally "Hæsta's People."
The Hæstingas were an important tribal group referred to in an 8th cent. Northumbrian chronicle as the gens Hestingorum which seems to have kept a separate identity as late as the early 11th cent. ["Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names"]
city ("district"), eastern North Island, New Zealand. It lies on the Heretaunga Plains, near Hawke Bay. The area's first European settlers arrived in 1864 to take up land leased from the local Maoris. The settlement was linked to the island's rail system by 1873 and was named after Warren Hastings (first governor-general of British India); it was declared a town in 1884 and a borough two years later. A disastrous earthquake struck the borough in 1931; but Hastings was rebuilt, grew, and was constituted a city in 1956. Serving an agricultural and pastoral region, it is a food-processing centre with canning, quick-freezing, dairy, and meatpacking plants, stockyards, and breweries; it also produces fertilizer, tallow, and stock food. Highland Games are held at Hastings every year in the spring. It is part of the Napier-Hastings urban area. Pop. (2001) 59,139.