thousand

[thou-zuhnd]
noun, plural thousands (as after a numeral) thousand.
1.
a cardinal number, 10 times 100.
2.
a symbol for this number, as 1000 or M.
3.
thousands, the numbers between 1000 and 999,999, as in referring to an amount of money: Property damage was in the thousands.
4.
a great number or amount.
5.
Also, thousand's place.
a.
(in a mixed number) the position of the fourth digit to the left of the decimal point.
b.
(in a whole number) the position of the fourth digit from the right.
adjective
6.
amounting to 1000 in number.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English; Old English thūsend; cognate with Dutch duizend, Old High German dūsunt, Old Norse thūsund, Gothic thūsindi

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
thousand (ˈθaʊzənd)
 
n
1.  See also number the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100
2.  a numeral, 1000, 10³, M, etc, representing this number
3.  (often plural) a very large but unspecified number, amount, or quantity: they are thousands of miles away
4.  (plural) the numbers 2000--9999: the price of the picture was in the thousands
5.  the amount or quantity that is one hundred times greater than ten
6.  something represented by, representing, or consisting of 1000 units
7.  maths the position containing a digit representing that number followed by three zeros: in 4760, 4 is in the thousand's place
 
determiner
8.  a.  amounting to a thousand: a thousand ships
 b.  (as pronoun): a thousand is hardly enough
9.  amounting to 1000 times a particular scientific unit
 
Related: kilo-, millenary
 
[Old English thūsend; related to Old Saxon thūsind, Old High German thūsunt, Old Norse thūsund]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

thousand
O.E. þusend, from P.Gmc. *thusundi (cf. O.Fris. thusend, Du. duizend, O.H.G. dusunt, Ger. tausend, O.N. þusund, Goth. þusundi); related to words in Balto-Slavic (cf. Lith. tukstantis, O.C.S. tysashta, Pol. tysiac, Czech tisic), and probably ultimately a compound with indefinite meaning
"several hundred" or "a great multitude" (with first element perhaps related to Skt. tawas "strong, force"). Used to translate Gk. khilias, L. mille, hence the refinement into the precise modern meaning. There was no general IE word for "thousand." Slang shortening thou first recorded 1867. Thousand island dressing (1916) is presumably named for the region of New York on the St. Lawrence River.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Thousands definition


(Micah 5:2), another name for "families" or "clans" (see Num. 1:16; 10:4; Josh. 22:14, 21). Several "thousands" or "families" made up a "tribe."

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Example sentences
Every one of these thousands of books was marked with its lowest price and
  numbered according to a printed catalogue.
The primary author index encourages tracing the evolution of quotations over
  time via thousands of hyperlinked footnotes.
Tens of thousands have died in the ethnic conflict that continues to fester.
They were as much excited, however, as if they had been staking thousands.
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