thrombocytopenia

Use Thrombocytopenia in a sentence

thrombocytopenia

[throm-boh-sahy-tuh-pee-nee-uh]
noun
an abnormal decrease in the number of blood platelets.

Origin:
1920–25; thrombocyte + -o- + -penia

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Collins
World English Dictionary
thrombocytopenia (ˌθrɒmbəʊˌsaɪtəʊˈpiːnɪə)
 
n
pathol an abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood
 
[C20: from German thrombocytopenie from thrombocyte + Greek penia poverty]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

thrombocytopenia throm·bo·cy·to·pe·ni·a (thrŏm'bō-sī'tə-pē'nē-ə)
n.
An abnormal decrease in the number of platelets in the blood. Also called thrombopenia.


throm'bo·cy'to·pe'nic (-pē'nĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

thrombocytopenia

abnormally low number of platelets (thrombocytes) in the circulation. Thrombocytopenia may occur as a result of decreased platelet production, when the bone marrow is malfunctioning or not functioning (e.g., in leukemia, from an excess of certain drugs or radiation, in certain anemias, or from a congenital lack of megakaryocytes, cells in the bone marrow that give rise to platelets), or as a result of increased platelet destruction (e.g., from a malfunctioning spleen, congestive heart failure, blood transfusion after hemorrhage, or incompatible blood transfusion). Symptoms of thrombocytopenia include small hemorrhages into the skin, nosebleeds, and easy bruising; sometimes gastrointestinal bleeding, excess menstrual bleeding, or other hemorrhage is observed. Treatment includes rest, protection from injury, and sometimes platelet transfusion.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
Another reason for petechiae is thrombocytopenia, a shortage of blood platelets.
Thrombocytopenia is any disorder in which there is an abnormally low amount of platelets.
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