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weight

[weyt] /weɪt/
noun
1.
the amount or quantity of heaviness or mass; amount a thing weighs.
2.
Physics. the force that gravitation exerts upon a body, equal to the mass of the body times the local acceleration of gravity: commonly taken, in a region of constant gravitational acceleration, as a measure of mass.
3.
a system of units for expressing heaviness or mass:
avoirdupois weight.
4.
a unit of heaviness or mass:
The pound is a common weight in English-speaking countries.
5.
a body of determinate mass, as of metal, for using on a balance or scale in weighing objects, substances, etc.
6.
a specific quantity of a substance that is determined by weighing or that weighs a fixed amount:
a half-ounce weight of gold dust.
7.
any heavy load, mass, or object:
Put down that weight and rest your arms.
8.
an object used or useful solely because of its heaviness:
the weights of a clock.
9.
a mental or moral burden, as of care, sorrow, or responsibility:
Knowing you are safe takes a weight off my mind.
10.
importance, moment, consequence, or effective influence:
an opinion of great weight.
11.
Statistics. a measure of the relative importance of an item in a statistical population.
12.
  1. relative heaviness or thickness as related to warmth or to seasonal use (often used in combination):
    a winter-weight jacket.
  2. relative heaviness or thickness as related to use:
    a bolt of coat-weight woolen cloth.
13.
Printing. (of type) the degree of blackness or boldness.
14.
(especially in boxing) a division or class to which a contestant belongs according to how much he weighs:
two brothers who fight professionally in the same weight.
15.
the total amount the jockey, saddle, and leads must weigh on a racehorse during a race, according to the conditions of the race:
Jacinto has a weight of 122 pounds in the seventh race.
16.
the stress or accent value given a sound, syllable, or word.
verb (used with object)
17.
to add weight to; load with additional weight:
to weight sacks before dumping them overboard.
18.
to load (fabrics, threads, etc.) with mineral or other matter to increase the weight or bulk.
19.
to burden with or as if with weight (often followed by down):
Financial worries have weighted that family down for years.
20.
Statistics. to give a statistical weight to.
21.
to bias or slant toward a particular goal or direction; manipulate:
The teacher weighted the test so students who had read both books would make the highest marks.
22.
to assign (a racehorse) a specific weight to carry in a race:
The handicapper weighted Dapper Dan with 128 pounds.
Idioms
23.
by weight, according to measurement of heaviness or mass:
Rates are determined by weight.
24.
carry weight, to have importance or significance; influence:
Her opinion is certain to carry weight.
25.
pull one's weight, to contribute one's rightful share of work to a project or job:
We will finish in time if we each pull our weight.
Also, pull one's own weight.
26.
throw one's weight around / about, to use one's power and influence, especially beyond the bounds of propriety, to secure some personal gain.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English (noun); Old English wiht (cognate with Dutch wicht, German Gewicht); see weigh, -th1
Related forms
weighter, noun
self-weight, noun
Can be confused
wait, weight.
weigh, weight, way.
Synonyms
10. effect, power, efficacy, import, significance. 19. oppress, encumber, saddle, load.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for throw one weight around

weight

/weɪt/
noun
1.
a measure of the heaviness of an object; the amount anything weighs
2.
(physics) the vertical force experienced by a mass as a result of gravitation. It equals the mass of the body multiplied by the acceleration of free fall. Its units are units of force (such as newtons or poundals) but is often given as a mass unit (kilogram or pound) W
3.
a system of units used to express the weight of a substance: troy weight
4.
a unit used to measure weight: the kilogram is the weight used in the metric system
5.
any mass or heavy object used to exert pressure or weigh down
6.
an oppressive force: the weight of cares
7.
any heavy load: the bag was such a weight
8.
the main or greatest force: preponderance: the weight of evidence
9.
importance, influence, or consequence: his opinion carries weight
10.
(statistics) one of a set of coefficients assigned to items of a frequency distribution that are analysed in order to represent the relative importance of the different items
11.
(printing) the apparent blackness of a printed typeface
12.
(slang) a pound of a drug, esp cannabis
13.
(informal) pull one's weight, to do one's full or proper share of a task
14.
(informal) throw one's weight around, to act in an overauthoritarian or aggressive manner
verb (transitive)
15.
to add weight to
16.
to burden or oppress
17.
to add importance, value, etc, to one side rather than another; bias; favour: a law weighted towards landlords
18.
(statistics) to attach a weight or weights to
19.
to make (fabric, threads, etc) heavier by treating with mineral substances, etc
Derived Forms
weighter, noun
Word Origin
Old English wiht; related to Old Frisian, Middle Dutch wicht, Old Norse vētt, German Gewicht
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for throw one weight around

weight

n.

Old English gewiht, from Proto-Germanic *(ga)wekhtiz, *(ga)wekhtjan (cf. Old Norse vætt, Old Frisian wicht, Middle Dutch gewicht, German Gewicht), from *weg- (see weigh). The verb meaning "to load with weight" is attested from 1747; sense in statistics is recorded from 1901. To lose weight "get thinner" is recorded from 1961. Weight Watcher as a trademark name dates from 1960. To pull one's weight (1921) is from rowing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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throw one weight around in Medicine

weight (wāt)
n.

  1. The force with which a body is attracted to Earth or another celestial body and which is equal to the product of the object's mass and the acceleration of gravity.

  2. A measure of the heaviness of an object.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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throw one weight around in Science
weight
  (wāt)   
  1. The force with which an object near the Earth or another celestial body is attracted toward the center of the body by gravity. An object's weight depends on its mass and the strength of the gravitational pull. The weight of an object in an aircraft flying at high altitude is less than its weight at sea level, since the strength of gravity decreases with increasing distance from the Earth's surface. The SI unit of weight is the newton, though units of mass such as grams or kilograms are used more informally to denote the weight of some mass, understood as the force acting on it in a gravitational field with a strength of one G. The pound is also still used as a unit of weight.

  2. A system of such measures, such as avoirdupois weight or troy weight.


Our Living Language  : Although most hand-held calculators can translate pounds into kilograms, an absolute conversion factor between these two units is not technically sound. A pound is a unit of force, and a kilogram is a unit of mass. When the unit pound is used to indicate the force that a gravitational field exerts on a mass, the pound is a unit of weight. Mistaking weight for mass is tantamount to confusing the electric charges on two objects with the forces of attraction (or repulsion) between them. Like charge, the mass of an object is an intrinsic property of that object: electrons have a unique mass, protons have a unique mass, and some particles, such as photons, have no mass. Weight, on the other hand, is a force due to the gravitational attraction between two bodies. For example, one's weight on the Moon is 1/6 of one's weight on Earth. Nevertheless, one's mass on the Moon is identical to one's mass on Earth. The reason that hand-held calculators can translate between units of weight and units of mass is that the majority of us use calculators on the planet Earth at sea level, where the conversion factor is constant for all practical purposes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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throw one weight around in Culture

weight definition


The force exerted on any object by gravity.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for throw one weight around

weight

noun

The amount of narcotics an addict needs for a week: I'm going up there to give her her weight for the week, you know (1960s+ Narcotics)

Related Terms

carry a lot of weight, throw one's weight around


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with throw one weight around
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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