throw someone curve

curve

[kurv]
noun
1.
a continuously bending line, without angles.
2.
the act or extent of curving.
3.
any curved outline, form, thing, or part.
4.
a curved section of a road, path, hallway, etc.
5.
Railroads. a curved section of track: in the U.S. the curve is often expressed as the central angle, measured in degrees, of a curved section of track subtended by a chord 100 feet (30 meters) long (degree of curve)
6.
Also called curve ball. Baseball.
a.
a pitch delivered with a spin that causes the ball to veer from a normal straight path, away from the side from which it was thrown.
b.
the course of such a pitched ball.
7.
a graphic representation of the variations effected in something by the influence of changing conditions; graph.
8.
Mathematics. a collection of points whose coordinates are continuous functions of a single independent variable.
9.
a misleading or deceptive trick; cheat; deception.
10.
Education. a grading system based on the scale of performance of a group, so that those performing better, regardless of their actual knowledge of the subject, receive high grades: The new English professor marks on a curve. Compare absolute ( def 10 ).
11.
a curved guide used in drafting.
verb (used with object), curved, curving.
12.
to bend in a curve; cause to take the course of a curve.
13.
to grade on a curve.
14.
Baseball. to pitch a curve to.
verb (used without object), curved, curving.
15.
to bend in a curve; take the course of a curve.
adjective
16.
Idioms
17.
ahead of/behindthe curve, at the forefront of (or lagging behind) recent developments, trends, etc.
18.
throw (someone) a curve,
a.
to take (someone) by surprise, especially in a negative way.
b.
to mislead or deceive.

Origin:
1565–75; (< Middle French) < Latin curvus crooked, bent, curved

curvedly [kur-vid-lee] , adverb
curvedness, noun
curveless, adjective
uncurved, adjective
uncurving, adjective
undercurve, noun
undercurve, verb (used without object), undercurved, undercurving.
well-curved, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To throw someone curve
Collins
World English Dictionary
curve (kɜːv)
 
n
1.  a continuously bending line that has no straight parts
2.  something that curves or is curved, such as a bend in a road or the contour of a woman's body
3.  the act or extent of curving; curvature
4.  maths
 a.  a system of points whose coordinates satisfy a given equation; a locus of points
 b.  the graph of a function with one independent variable
5.  a line representing data, esp statistical data, on a graph: an unemployment curve
6.  ahead of the curve ahead of the times; ahead of schedule
7.  behind the curve behind the times; behind schedule
8.  short for French curve
 
vb
9.  to take or cause to take the shape or path of a curve; bend
 
Related: sinuous
 
[C15: from Latin curvāre to bend, from curvus crooked]
 
curvedly
 
adv
 
'curvedness
 
n
 
'curvy
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
Etymonline
Word Origin & History

curve
1590s, from L. curvus "crooked, curved, bent," from curvus, from curvare "to bend," from PIE base *(s)ker- "to turn, bend" (see ring). The noun is attested from 1690s, "curved line;" with ref. to the female figure (usually pl.), from 1862; as a type of baseball pitch, from
1879. Related: Curvy (1902).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

curve (kûrv)
n.

  1. A line or surface that deviates from straightness in a smooth, continuous fashion.

  2. Something characterized by such a line or surface, especially a rounded line or contour of the human body.

  3. A curved line representing variations in data on a graph.

v. curved, curv·ing, curves
To move in or take the shape of a curve.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
curve   (kûrv)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. A line or surface that bends in a smooth, continuous way without sharp angles.

  2. The graph of a function on a coordinate plane. In this technical sense, straight lines, circles, and waves are all curves.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature