thrush

1 [thruhsh]
noun
1.
any of numerous, medium-sized songbirds of the family Turdinae, usually dull brown and often speckled below, and including many outstanding singers.
2.
any of various superficially similar birds, as the water thrushes.
3.
Slang. a female professional singer, especially of popular songs.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English thrusche, Old English thrȳsce; cognate with Old High German drōsca

thrushlike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged

thrush

2 [thruhsh]
noun
1.
Pathology. a disease, especially in children, characterized by whitish spots and ulcers on the membranes of the mouth, fauces, etc., caused by a parasitic fungus, Candida albicans.
2.
Veterinary Pathology. (in horses) a diseased condition of the frog of the foot.

Origin:
1655–65; akin to Danish tröske, Swedish torsk

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
thrush1 (θrʌʃ)
 
n
Compare water thrush any songbird of the subfamily Turdinae, esp those having a brown plumage with a spotted breast, such as the mistle thrush and song thrush: family MuscicapidaeRelated: turdine
 
Related: turdine
 
[Old English thrӯsce; related to Old High German drōsca; see throstle, throat]

thrush2 (θrʌʃ)
 
n
1.  a.  a fungal disease of the mouth, esp of infants, and the genitals, characterized by the formation of whitish spots and caused by infection with the fungus Candida albicans
 b.  another word for sprue
2.  a softening of the frog of a horse's hoof characterized by degeneration and a thick foul discharge
 
[C17: related to Old Danish törsk, Danish troske]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

thrush
type of songbird, O.E. þyrsce (related to throstle), from P.Gmc. *thruskjon (cf. O.N. þröstr, Norw. trost, O.H.G. drosca), from PIE *trozdo- (cf. L. turdus, Lith. strazdas "thrush," M.Ir. truid, Welsh drudwy "starling," O.C.S. drozgu, Rus. drozdu).

thrush
throat disease, 1665, probably from a Scand. source (cf. Norw., Dan. trøske, Swed. torsk), but its roots and original meaning are unclear.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

thrush (thrŭsh)
n.
A contagious disease caused by a fungus, Candida albicans, that occurs most often in infants and children, characterized by small whitish eruptions on the mouth, throat, and tongue, and usually accompanied by fever, colic, and diarrhea.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
thrush   (thrŭsh)  Pronunciation Key 
  1. An infectious disease, caused by the fungus Candida albicans, characterized by small whitish eruptions on the mouth, throat, and tongue, and sometimes accompanied by fever, colic, and diarrhea. Thrush is most often seen in infants, children, and people with impaired immune systems.

  2. A degenerative condition of a horse's foot, usually caused by unhygienic management.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Yeast diaper rash is caused by a type of yeast called candida, which also
  causes thrush in the mouth.
The woods nearby ring with the songs of the hermit thrush, myriad warblers, and
  winter wrens.
The brown-backed, speckle-breasted, eight-inch wood thrush only looks drab-all
  of his beauty is concentrated in his voice.
The first sign of thrush may be reluctance to eat because of a sore mouth.
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