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thrush1

[thruhsh] /θrʌʃ/
noun
1.
any of numerous, medium-sized songbirds of the family Turdinae, usually dull brown and often speckled below, and including many outstanding singers.
2.
any of various superficially similar birds, as the water thrushes.
3.
Slang. a female professional singer, especially of popular songs.
Origin
900
before 900; Middle English thrusche, Old English thrȳsce; cognate with Old High German drōsca
Related forms
thrushlike, adjective

thrush2

[thruhsh] /θrʌʃ/
noun
1.
Pathology. a disease, especially in children, characterized by whitish spots and ulcers on the membranes of the mouth, fauces, etc., caused by a parasitic fungus, Candida albicans.
2.
Veterinary Pathology. (in horses) a diseased condition of the frog of the foot.
Origin
1655-65; akin to Danish tröske, Swedish torsk
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for thrushes

thrush1

/θrʌʃ/
noun
1.
any songbird of the subfamily Turdinae, esp those having a brown plumage with a spotted breast, such as the mistle thrush and song thrush: family Muscicapidae Compare water thrush related adjective turdine
Word Origin
Old English thrӯsce; related to Old High German drōsca; see throstle, throat

thrush2

/θrʌʃ/
noun
1.
  1. a fungal disease of the mouth, esp of infants, and the genitals, characterized by the formation of whitish spots and caused by infection with the fungus Candida albicans
  2. another word for sprue1
2.
a softening of the frog of a horse's hoof characterized by degeneration and a thick foul discharge
Word Origin
C17: related to Old Danish törsk, Danish troske
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for thrushes

thrush

n.

type of songbird, Old English þyrsce (related to throstle), from Proto-Germanic *thruskjon (cf. Old Norse þröstr, Norwegian trost, Old High German drosca), from PIE *trozdo- (cf. Latin turdus, Lithuainian strazdas "thrush," Middle Irish truid, Welsh drudwy "starling," Old Church Slavonic drozgu, Russian drozdu).

throat disease, 1660s, probably from a Scandinavian source (cf. Norwegian, Danish trøske, Swedish torsk), but its roots and original meaning are unclear.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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thrushes in Medicine

thrush (thrŭsh)
n.
A contagious disease caused by a fungus, Candida albicans, that occurs most often in infants and children, characterized by small whitish eruptions on the mouth, throat, and tongue, and usually accompanied by fever, colic, and diarrhea.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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thrushes in Science
thrush
  (thrŭsh)   
  1. An infectious disease, caused by the fungus Candida albicans, characterized by small whitish eruptions on the mouth, throat, and tongue, and sometimes accompanied by fever, colic, and diarrhea. Thrush is most often seen in infants, children, and people with impaired immune systems.

  2. A degenerative condition of a horse's foot, usually caused by unhygienic management.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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