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thuggee

[thuhg-ee, thuh-gee] /ˈθʌg i, θʌˈgi/
noun, (sometimes initial capital letter)
1.
(in India) robbery and strangulation committed by thugs.
Origin
1830-1840
1830-40; < Hindi thagī
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for thuggee

thuggee

/θʌˈɡiː/
noun
1.
(history) the methods and practices of the thugs of India
Word Origin
C19: from Hindi thagī; see thug
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for thuggee

thag

member of a well-organized confederacy of professional assassins who traveled in gangs throughout India for several hundred years. (The earliest authenticated mention of the thugs is found in Ziya'-ud-Din Barani, History of Firuz Shah, dated about 1356.) The thugs would insinuate themselves into the confidence of wayfarers and, when a favourable opportunity presented itself, strangle them by throwing a handkerchief or noose around their necks. They then plundered and buried them. All this was done according to certain ancient and rigidly prescribed forms and after the performance of special religious rites, in which the consecration of the pickax and the sacrifice of sugar formed a prominent part. Although the thugs traced their origin to seven Muslim tribes, Hindus appear to have been associated with them at an early period; at any rate, their religious creed and practices as worshipers of Kali, the Hindu goddess of destruction, showed no influence of Islam. The fraternity possessed a jargon of its own (Ramasi) and signs by which its members recognized each other

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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