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thwart

[thwawrt] /θwɔrt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to oppose successfully; prevent from accomplishing a purpose.
2.
to frustrate or baffle (a plan, purpose, etc.).
3.
Archaic.
  1. to cross.
  2. to extend across.
noun
4.
a seat across a boat, especially one used by a rower.
5.
a transverse member spreading the gunwales of a canoe or the like.
adjective
6.
passing or lying crosswise or across; cross; transverse.
7.
perverse; obstinate.
8.
adverse; unfavorable.
preposition, adverb
9.
across; athwart.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English thwert (adv.) < Old Norse thvert across, neuter of thverr transverse; cognate with Old English thweorh crooked, cross, Gothic thwairhs cross, angry
Related forms
thwartedly, adverb
thwarter, noun
unthwarted, adjective
unthwarting, adjective
Synonyms
1. hinder, obstruct. Thwart, frustrate, baffle imply preventing one, more or less completely, from accomplishing a purpose. Thwart and frustrate apply to purposes, actions, plans, etc., baffle, to the psychological state of the person thwarted. Thwart suggests stopping one by opposing, blocking, or in some way running counter to one's efforts. Frustrate implies rendering all attempts or efforts useless or ineffectual, so that nothing ever comes of them. Baffle suggests causing defeat by confusing, puzzling, or perplexing, so that a situation seems too hard a problem to understand or solve.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for thwarting
  • Their neon-green bodies may play a similar role in thwarting predators.
  • Further thwarting conservation efforts is a burgeoning offshore oil industry.
  • It may readily be imagined how little such thwarting agrees with the old cavalier's fiery temperament.
  • The bills are aimed at thwarting piracy, by forcing the shutdown of any site that hosts pirated content.
  • Most people now know the drill when it comes to thwarting a computer virus.
  • It is not that they don't try but that the west has gotten better at thwarting their attacks over the years.
  • When it comes to thwarting thieves, shop-owners are on their own.
  • But the court's decision does not say that anything goes in thwarting a federal probe.
  • Not to mention how they're thwarting amelioration of the pollution crises, health-care reform, and the social safety nets.
  • thwarting this plan, political parties developed almost immediately.
British Dictionary definitions for thwarting

thwart

/θwɔːt/
verb
1.
to oppose successfully or prevent; frustrate they thwarted the plan
2.
(obsolete) to be or move across
noun
3.
(nautical) a seat lying across a boat and occupied by an oarsman
adjective
4.
passing or being situated across
5.
(archaic) perverse or stubborn
preposition, adverb
6.
(obsolete) across
Derived Forms
thwartedly, adverb
thwarter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse thvert, from thverr transverse; related to Old English thweorh crooked, Old High German twerh transverse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for thwarting

thwart

adv.

c.1200, from Old Norse þvert "across," originally neuter of thverr (adj.) "transverse, across," cognate with Old English þweorh "transverse, perverse, angry, cross," from Proto-Germanic *thwerkhaz (cf. Middle Dutch dwers, Dutch dwars "cross-grained, contrary," Old High German twerh, German quer, Gothic þwairhs "angry"), altered (by influence of *thwer- "to turn") from *therkh-, from PIE *twork-/*twerk- "twist" (cf. Latin torquere "to twist," Sanskrit tarkuh "spindle," Old Church Slavonic traku "band, girdle," Old High German drahsil "turner," German drechseln "to turn on a lathe").

v.

"oppose, hinder," mid-13c., from thwart (adv.). Related: Thwarted; thwarting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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