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thwart

[thwawrt] /θwɔrt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to oppose successfully; prevent from accomplishing a purpose.
2.
to frustrate or baffle (a plan, purpose, etc.).
3.
Archaic.
  1. to cross.
  2. to extend across.
noun
4.
a seat across a boat, especially one used by a rower.
5.
a transverse member spreading the gunwales of a canoe or the like.
adjective
6.
passing or lying crosswise or across; cross; transverse.
7.
perverse; obstinate.
8.
adverse; unfavorable.
preposition, adverb
9.
across; athwart.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English thwert (adv.) < Old Norse thvert across, neuter of thverr transverse; cognate with Old English thweorh crooked, cross, Gothic thwairhs cross, angry
Related forms
thwartedly, adverb
thwarter, noun
unthwarted, adjective
unthwarting, adjective
Synonyms
1. hinder, obstruct. Thwart, frustrate, baffle imply preventing one, more or less completely, from accomplishing a purpose. Thwart and frustrate apply to purposes, actions, plans, etc., baffle, to the psychological state of the person thwarted. Thwart suggests stopping one by opposing, blocking, or in some way running counter to one's efforts. Frustrate implies rendering all attempts or efforts useless or ineffectual, so that nothing ever comes of them. Baffle suggests causing defeat by confusing, puzzling, or perplexing, so that a situation seems too hard a problem to understand or solve.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for thwarts
  • There may be, she suggested, something about the combination of those three fatty acids that thwarts disease.
  • The peace thus given them is so far from answering its purposes, that it directly thwarts them.
  • Worse-than-expected economic data thwarts stock rally.
  • But evolutionary psychology suggests that a larger threat to mental health may be the way civilization thwarts civility.
  • Closed compartment under thwarts and seats wherein portable fuel tanks may be stored.
  • These procedures injure the inner lining of blood vessels, which thwarts production of nitric oxide.
  • And it thwarts the plans of those who seek to undermine peace and stability around the world.
British Dictionary definitions for thwarts

thwart

/θwɔːt/
verb
1.
to oppose successfully or prevent; frustrate: they thwarted the plan
2.
(obsolete) to be or move across
noun
3.
(nautical) a seat lying across a boat and occupied by an oarsman
adjective
4.
passing or being situated across
5.
(archaic) perverse or stubborn
preposition, adverb
6.
(obsolete) across
Derived Forms
thwartedly, adverb
thwarter, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old Norse thvert, from thverr transverse; related to Old English thweorh crooked, Old High German twerh transverse
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for thwarts

thwart

adv.

c.1200, from Old Norse þvert "across," originally neuter of thverr (adj.) "transverse, across," cognate with Old English þweorh "transverse, perverse, angry, cross," from Proto-Germanic *thwerkhaz (cf. Middle Dutch dwers, Dutch dwars "cross-grained, contrary," Old High German twerh, German quer, Gothic þwairhs "angry"), altered (by influence of *thwer- "to turn") from *therkh-, from PIE *twork-/*twerk- "twist" (cf. Latin torquere "to twist," Sanskrit tarkuh "spindle," Old Church Slavonic traku "band, girdle," Old High German drahsil "turner," German drechseln "to turn on a lathe").

v.

"oppose, hinder," mid-13c., from thwart (adv.). Related: Thwarted; thwarting.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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