tie plate

noun Railroads.
a plate set between the base of a rail and a crosstie to distribute the rail load over a greater area of the tie and thus reduce wear and damage to it.

Origin:
1870–75

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Example sentences
Designs on future projects which utilize this type of detail should avoid bolting the tie plate to the longitudinal girder.
Four cut track spikes in each tie plate affixed the rail to treated timber crossties.
Other stud tie plate models meeting the minimum requirements may also be used.
This, however, is only an approximate treatment of the many parallel paths provided by the numerous holes in the tie plate.
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