|1.||an imperfection; failing or defect; flaw|
|2.||a mistake or error|
|3.||an offence; misdeed|
|4.||responsibility for a mistake or misdeed; culpability|
|5.||electronics a defect in a circuit, component, or line, such as a short circuit|
|6.||geology a fracture in the earth's crust resulting in the relative displacement and loss of continuity of the rocks on either side of it|
|7.||tennis, squash, badminton an invalid serve, such as one that lands outside a prescribed area|
|8.||(in showjumping) a penalty mark given for failing to clear or refusing a fence, exceeding a time limit, etc|
|9.||hunting an instance of the hounds losing the scent|
|10.||deficiency; lack; want|
|a. guilty of error; culpable|
|c. (of hounds) having temporarily lost the scent|
|12.||find fault to seek out minor imperfections or errors (in); carp (at)|
|13.||to a fault excessively|
|14.||geology to undergo or cause to undergo a fault|
|15.||(tr) to find a fault in, criticize, or blame|
|16.||(intr) to commit a fault|
|[C13: from Old French faute, from Vulgar Latin fallita (unattested), ultimately from Latin fallere to fail]|
fault [%PREMIUM_LINK%] (fôlt) Pronunciation Key |
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A fracture in a rock formation along which there has been movement of the blocks of rock on either side of the plane of fracture. Faults are caused by plate-tectonic forces. See more at normal fault, reverse fault, strike-slip fault, thrust fault, transform fault. See Note at earthquake.
Our Living Language : Bedrock, the solid rock just below the soil, is often cracked along surfaces known as planes. Cracks can extend up to hundreds of kilometers in length. When tensional and compressional stresses cause rocks separated by a crack to move past each other, the crack is known as a fault. Faults can be horizontal, vertical, or oblique. The movement can occur in the sudden jerks known as earthquakes. Normal faults, or tensional faults, occur when the rocks above the fault plane move down relative to the rocks below it, pulling the rocks apart. Where there is compression and folding, such as in mountainous regions, the rocks above the plane move upward relative to the rocks below the plane; these are called reverse faults. Strike-slip faults occur when shearing stress causes rocks on either side of the crack to slide parallel to the fault plane between them. Transform faults are strike-slip faults in which the crack is part of a boundary between two tectonic plates. A well-known example is the San Andreas Fault in California. Geologists use sightings of displaced outcroppings to infer the presence of faults, and they study faults to learn the history of the forces that have acted on rocks.
to a fault
Excessively, extremely, as in He was generous to a fault. This phrase, always qualifying an adjective, has been so used since the mid-1700s. Indeed, Oliver Goldsmith had this precise usage in The Life of Richard Nash (1762).