1 [toil]
hard and continuous work; exhausting labor or effort.
a laborious task.
Archaic. battle; strife; struggle.
verb (used without object)
to engage in hard and continuous work; labor arduously: to toil in the fields.
to move or travel with difficulty, weariness, or pain.
verb (used with object)
to accomplish or produce by toil.

1250–1300; Middle English toile (noun), toilen (v.) < Anglo-French toil contention, toiler to contend < Latin tudiculāre to stir up, beat, verbal derivative of tudicula machine for crushing olives, equivalent to tudi- (stem of tundere to beat) + -cula -cule2

toiler, noun
untoiling, adjective

1. exertion, travail, pains. See work. 4. strive, moil.

1. indolence, sloth. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
toil1 (tɔɪl)
1.  hard or exhausting work
2.  an obsolete word for strife
3.  (intr) to labour
4.  (intr) to progress with slow painful movements: to toil up a hill
5.  archaic (tr) to achieve by toil
[C13: from Anglo-French toiler to struggle, from Old French toeillier to confuse, from Latin tudiculāre to stir, from tudicula machine for bruising olives, from tudes a hammer, from tundere to beat]

toil2 (tɔɪl)
1.  (often plural) a net or snare: the toils of fortune had ensnared him
2.  archaic a trap for wild beasts
[C16: from Old French toile, from Latin tēla loom]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"hard work," c.1300, "turmoil, contention, dispute," from Anglo-Fr. toil (13c.), from toiler "agitate, stir up, entangle," from O.Fr. toeillier "drag about, make dirty" (12c.), usually said to be from L. tudiculare "crush with a small hammer," from tudicula "mill for crushing olives, instrument for
crushing," from root of tundere "to pound" (see obtuse). Sense of "hard work, labor" (1590s) is from the related verb toilen (early 14c.) "to drag, struggle," which had acquired a sense of "hard work" by late 14c. Replaced O.E. swincan.

"net, snare," 1529, from M.Fr. toile "hunting net, cloth, web" (cf. toile d'araignée "cobweb"), from O.Fr. teile, from L. tela "web, woven stuff," related to texere "to weave" (see texture). Now used largely in plural (caught in the toils of the law).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Lost will be the romantic specter of solitary astronomers toiling nights on
  frigid mountain tops, but much will be gained as well.
Nearly every house is a castle built on steeples of rock, and every farmer
  toiling in his field has a rifle strapped to his back.
He was toiling along with short oars, and the dory tossed and sank and tossed
  again with the steamer's waves.
And so on to the end of the long register, all toiling together in the galling
  fetters of the tenement.
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