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so named 1868, from Japanese to "east" + kyo "capital;" its earlier name was Edo, literally "estuary."
Capital of Japan and largest city in the country, located on the island of Honshu at the head of Tokyo Bay; the administrative, financial, educational, and cultural center of Japan.
Note: The world's largest city, Tokyo is also among its most modern.
Note: It was heavily damaged by Allied bombing during World War II.
Note: Tokyo became the capital of the Japanese Empire in 1868 when Japan began a period of intensive modernization.