toll

1 [tohl]
noun
1.
a payment or fee exacted by the state, the local authorities, etc., for some right or privilege, as for passage along a road or over a bridge.
2.
the extent of loss, damage, suffering, etc., resulting from some action or calamity: The toll was 300 persons dead or missing.
3.
a tax, duty, or tribute, as for services or use of facilities.
4.
a payment made for a long-distance telephone call.
5.
(formerly, in England) the right to take such payment.
6.
a compensation for services, as for transportation or transmission.
7.
grain retained by a miller in payment for grinding.
verb (used with object)
8.
to collect (something) as toll.
9.
to impose a tax or toll on (a person).
verb (used without object)
10.
to collect toll; levy toll.

Origin:
before 1000; (noun) Middle English, Old English toll (cognate with Dutch tol, German Zoll, Old Norse tollr), assimilated variant of Old English toln < Late Latin tolōnēum, for telōnēum < Greek telōneîon tollhouse, akin to telṓnēs tax collector, télos tax; (v.) Middle English tollen, derivative of the noun


3. tariff, levy, impost, exaction.
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toll

2 [tohl]
verb (used with object) Also, tole (for defs 5, 6).
1.
to cause (a large bell) to sound with single strokes slowly and regularly repeated, as for summoning a congregation to church, or especially for announcing a death.
2.
to sound or strike (a knell, the hour, etc.) by such strokes: In the distance Big Ben tolled five.
3.
to announce by this means; ring a knell for (a dying or dead person).
4.
to summon or dismiss by tolling.
5.
to lure or decoy (game) by arousing curiosity.
6.
to allure; entice: He tolls us on with fine promises.
verb (used without object)
7.
to sound with single strokes slowly and regularly repeated, as a bell.
noun
8.
the act of tolling a bell.
9.
one of the strokes made in tolling a bell.
10.
the sound made.

Origin:
1175–1225; Middle English tollen to entice, lure, pull, hence probably to make (a bell) ring by pulling a rope; akin to Old English -tyllan, in fortyllan to attract, allure

toll

3 [tohl]
verb (used with object) Law.
to suspend or interrupt (as a statute of limitations).

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English tollen to remove, legally annul < Anglo-French tolre, tol(l)er < Latin tollere to remove, take away

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
toll1 (təʊl)
 
vb
1.  to ring or cause to ring slowly and recurrently
2.  (tr) to summon, warn, or announce by tolling
3.  (US), (Canadian) to decoy (game, esp ducks)
 
n
4.  the act or sound of tolling
 
[C15: perhaps related to Old English -tyllan, as in fortyllan to attract]

toll2 (təʊl, tɒl)
 
n
1.  a.  an amount of money levied, esp for the use of certain roads, bridges, etc, to cover the cost of maintenance
 b.  (as modifier): toll road; toll bridge
2.  loss or damage incurred through an accident, disaster, etc: the war took its toll of the inhabitants
3.  Also called: tollage (formerly) the right to levy a toll
4.  (NZ) Also called: toll charge a charge for a telephone call beyond a free-dialling area
 
[Old English toln; related to Old Frisian tolene, Old High German zol toll, from Late Latin telōnium customs house, from Greek telónion, ultimately from telos tax]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

toll
"tax, fee," O.E. toll, variant of toln, cognate with O.N. tollr, O.Fris. tolen, O.H.G. zol, Ger. Zoll, representing an early Gmc. borrowing from L.L. tolonium "custom house," from L. telonium "tollhouse," from Gk. teloneion "tollhouse," from telones "tax-collector," from telos "tax" (see
tele-; for sense, cf. finance). Originally in a general sense of "payment exacted by an authority;" meaning "charge for right of passage along a road" is from 1477. Tollbooth is attested from 1314, originally meaning a tax collector's booth.

toll
"to sound with single strokes," 1452, probably a special use of tollen "to draw, lure," c.1220 variant of O.E. -tyllan in betyllan "to lure, decoy," and fortyllan "draw away, seduce," of obscure origin. The notion is perhaps of "luring" people to church with the sound of the bells, or of "drawing" on
the bell rope.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Easton
Bible Dictionary

Toll definition


one of the branches of the king of Persia's revenues (Ezra 4:13; 7:24), probably a tax levied from those who used the bridges and fords and highways.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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