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Tolpuddle Martyrs

plural noun
six farm workers sentenced to transportation for seven years in 1834 for administering an unlawful oath to form a trade union in the village of Tolpuddle, Dorset
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Encyclopedia Article for tolpuddle martyrs

Tolpuddle Martyrs

six English farm labourers who were sentenced (March 1834) to seven years' transportation to a penal colony in Australia for organizing trade-union activities in the Dorsetshire village of Tolpuddle. Their leaders, George and James Loveless (or Lovelace), had established a lodge of the Friendly Society of Agricultural Labourers during the great national wave of trade-union activity in 1833-34.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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