city, southern Hokkaido, Japan, facing the Pacific Ocean. The city was a regional transport and commerce centre in the early 19th century. A pulp and paper industry has operated there since 1910, and chemicals are also produced. Commercial and industrial ports were completed in 1963, to serve as the basis for heavier industrialization; another port was completed in 1976. Pop. (2005 prelim.) 172,755.
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