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tomb

[toom] /tum/
noun
1.
an excavation in earth or rock for the burial of a corpse; grave.
2.
a mausoleum, burial chamber, or the like.
3.
a monument for housing or commemorating a dead person.
4.
any sepulchral structure.
verb (used with object)
5.
to place in or as if in a tomb; entomb; bury.
Origin of tomb
1225-1275
1225-75; Middle English tumbe < Anglo-French; Old French tombe < Late Latin tumba < Greek týmbos burial mound; akin to Latin tumēre to swell. See tumor, tumulus
Related forms
tombal, adjective
tombless, adjective
tomblike, adjective
untombed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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British Dictionary definitions for tombs

tomb

/tuːm/
noun
1.
a place, esp a vault beneath the ground, for the burial of a corpse
2.
a stone or other monument to the dead
3.
the tomb, a poetic term for death
4.
anything serving as a burial place: the sea was his tomb
verb
5.
(transitive) (rare) to place in a tomb; entomb
Derived Forms
tomblike, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French tombe, from Late Latin tumba burial mound, from Greek tumbos; related to Latin tumēre to swell, Middle Irish tomm hill
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tombs

tomb

n.

late 13c., from Anglo-French tumbe, Old French tombe (12c.), from Late Latin tumba (cf. Italian tomba, French tombe, Spanish tumba), from Greek tymbos "burial mound, grave, tomb," from PIE root *teu- "to swell" (see thigh). The final -b began to be silent 14c. (cf. lamb, dumb). The Tombs, slang for "New York City prison" is recorded from 1840.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tombs in the Bible

of the Hebrews were generally excavated in the solid rock, or were natural caves. Mention is made of such tombs in Judg. 8:32; 2 Sam. 2:32; 2 Kings 9:28; 23:30. They were sometimes made in gardens (2 Kings 21:26; 23:16; Matt. 27:60). They are found in great numbers in and around Jerusalem and all over the land. They were sometimes whitewashed (Matt. 23:27, 29). The body of Jesus was laid in Joseph's new rock-hewn tomb, in a garden near to Calvary. All evidence is in favour of the opinion that this tomb was somewhere near the Damascus gate, and outside the city, and cannot be identified with the so-called "holy sepulchre." The mouth of such rocky tombs was usually closed by a large stone (Heb. golal), which could only be removed by the united efforts of several men (Matt. 28:2; comp. John 11:39). (See GOLGOTHA.)

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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9
11
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