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tondo

[ton-doh; Italian tawn-daw] /ˈtɒn doʊ; Italian ˈtɔn dɔ/
noun, plural tondi
[ton-dee; Italian tawn-dee] /ˈtɒn di; Italian ˈtɔn di/ (Show IPA)
1.
a round painting or relief.
Origin
1885-1890
1885-90; < Italian: plate, circle, round painting, derivative of the adj.: round, by aphesis for rotondo, < Latin rotundus; see rotund
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tondo

tondo

/ˈtɒndəʊ/
noun (pl) -di (-diː)
1.
a circular easel painting or relief carving
Word Origin
C19: from Italian: a circle, shortened from rotondo round
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Encyclopedia Article for tondo

a circular painting, relief carving, plaque, or mural design. The tondo, which became popular in Italy during the 15th century, was derived from round reliefs of subjects such as the Madonna and Child that had been used in wall tombs. Circular reliefs were developed successfully as glazed terra-cotta medallions by Luca Della Robbia in the mid-15th century. Sandro Botticelli painted a number of tondi, including The Madonna of the Magnificat and The Madonna of the Pomegranate (both in the Uffizi Gallery, Florence). About 1506 or 1508, Michelangelo used the form for a painting of the Holy Family (Uffizi) commissioned by the Doni family

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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6
7
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