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tonsil

[ton-suh l] /ˈtɒn səl/
noun, Anatomy
1.
a prominent oval mass of lymphoid tissue on each side of the throat.
Origin
1595-1605
1595-1605; < Latin tōnsillae (plural) the tonsils
Related forms
tonsillar, tonsilar, tonsillary
[ton-suh-ler-ee] /ˈtɒn səˌlɛr i/ (Show IPA),
adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tonsillary

tonsil

/ˈtɒnsəl/
noun
1.
Also called palatine tonsil. either of two small masses of lymphatic tissue situated one on each side of the back of the mouth related adjective amygdaline
2.
(anatomy) any small rounded mass of tissue, esp lymphatic tissue
Derived Forms
tonsillar, tonsillary, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Latin tōnsillae (pl) tonsils, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for tonsillary
tonsil
c.1600, from L. tonsillæ (plural) "tonsils," dim. of toles "goiter," which is perhaps of Gaulish origin. Tonsillitis is from 1801; tonsillectomy is from 1899, a hybrid with a Gk. ending. A correct formation all from Gk. would be amygdalectomy.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tonsillary in Medicine

tonsil ton·sil (tŏn'səl)
n.

  1. A collection of lymphoid tissue.

  2. A small oral mass of lymphoid tissue, especially either of two such masses embedded in the lateral walls of the opening between the mouth and the pharynx, of uncertain function, but believed to help protect the body from respiratory infections. Also called faucial tonsil, palatine tonsil.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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