early 15c., from Late Latin topographia, from Greek topographia "a description of a place," from topographos "describing a place" (as a noun, "one who is skilled in topography"), from topos "place" (see topos) + graphein "to write" (see -graphy).
The three-dimensional arrangement of physical attributes (such as shape, height, and depth) of a land surface in a place or region. Physical features that make up the topography of an area include mountains, valleys, plains, and bodies of water. Human-made features such as roads, railroads, and landfills are also often considered part of a region's topography.
The detailed description or drawing of the physical features of a place or region, especially in the form of contour maps.