tort

[tawrt]
noun Law.
a wrongful act, not including a breach of contract or trust, that results in injury to another's person, property, reputation, or the like, and for which the injured party is entitled to compensation.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English: injury, wrong < Old French < Medieval Latin tortum wrong, injustice, noun use of neuter of Latin tortus twisted, crooked, dubious, past participle of torquēre to twist, wring

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World English Dictionary
tort (tɔːt)
 
n
law a civil wrong arising from an act or failure to act, independently of any contract, for which an action for personal injury or property damages may be brought
 
[C14: from Old French, from Medieval Latin tortum, literally: something twisted, from Latin torquēre to twist]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

tort
mid-13c., "injury, wrong," from O.Fr. tort (11c.), from M.L. tortum "injustice," noun use of neut. of tortus "wrung, twisted," pp. of L. torquere "turn, turn awry, twist, wring, distort" (see thwart). Legal sense of "breach of a duty, whereby someone acquires a right of action
for damages" is first recorded 1580s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
His knowledge of limnology is about what you would learn in a torts course.
Vegan menu items include raw food vegan torts topped with organic vegetables and beet salads.
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