Tory

Tory

[tawr-ee, tohr-ee]
noun, plural Tories for 1–5.
1.
a member of the Conservative Party in Great Britain or Canada.
2.
a member of a political party in Great Britain from the late 17th century to about 1832 that favored royal authority over Parliament and the preservation of the existing social and political order: succeeded by the Conservative party.
3.
(often lowercase) an advocate of conservative principles; one opposed to reform or radicalism.
4.
a person who supported the British cause in the american revolution; a loyalist.
5.
(in the 17th century) a dispossessed Irishman who resorted to banditry, especially after the invasion of Oliver Cromwell and suppression of the royalist cause (1649–52).
6.
a male or female given name.
adjective
7.
of, belonging to, or characteristic of the Tories.
8.
being a Tory.
9.
(sometimes lowercase) opposed to reform or radicalism; conservative.

Origin:
1640–50; < Irish *tóraighe outlaw, bandit, derivative of tóir chase, pursuit

Dictionary.com Unabridged

-tory

1
a suffix occurring in loanwords from Latin, originally adjectival derivatives of agent nouns ending in -tor, (predatory ); also forming adjectival derivatives directly from verbs (obligatory; transitory ).

Origin:
< Latin -tōrius, equivalent to -tōr- -tor + -ius adj. suffix

-tory

2
a suffix occurring in loanwords from Latin, usually derivatives from agent nouns ending in -tor, or directly from verbs, denoting a place or object appropriate for the activity of the verb: dormitory; repository .

Origin:
< Latin -tōrium, noun use of neuter of -tōrius -tory1

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Tory (ˈtɔːrɪ)
 
n , pl -ries
1.  a member or supporter of the Conservative Party in Great Britain or Canada
2.  a member of the English political party that opposed the exclusion of James, Duke of York from the royal succession (1679--80). Tory remained the label for subsequent major conservative interests until they gave birth to the Conservative Party in the 1830s
3.  Compare Whig an American supporter of the British cause; loyalist
4.  (sometimes not capital) an ultraconservative or reactionary
5.  (in the 17th century) an Irish Roman Catholic, esp an outlaw who preyed upon English settlers
 
adj
6.  of, characteristic of, or relating to Tories
7.  (sometimes not capital) ultraconservative or reactionary
 
[C17: from Irish tōraidhe outlaw, from Middle Irish tōir pursuit]
 
'Toryish
 
adj
 
'Toryism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Tory
1566, "an outlaw," specifically "a robber," from Ir. toruighe "plunderer," originally "pursuer, searcher," from O.Ir. toirighim "I pursue," related to toracht "pursuit." About 1646, it emerged as a derogatory term for Irish Catholics dispossessed of their land (some of whom subsequently turned to outlawry);
c.1680 applied by Exclusioners to supporters of the Catholic Duke of York (later James II) in his succession to the throne of England. After 1689, Tory was the name of a British political party at first composed of Yorkist Tories of 1680. Superseded c.1830 by Conservative, though it continues to be used colloquially. In American history, Tory was the name given after 1769 to colonists who remained loyal to George III of England.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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