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tosafot

(Hebrew: "additions"), critical remarks and notes on selective passages of the Talmud that were written mostly by unknown Jewish scholars in Germany, in Italy, and especially in France during the 12th to 14th century. Experts are undecided whether tosafot were meant to be direct commentaries on the two elements that comprise the Talmud-the Mishna (the codification of Jewish oral law) and the Gemara (expositions of the Mishna)-or were intended to supplement the great French rabbinical scholar Rashi's systematic commentary on the text of the Babylonian Talmud.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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