town

[toun]
noun
1.
a thickly populated area, usually smaller than a city and larger than a village, having fixed boundaries and certain local powers of government.
2.
a densely populated area of considerable size, as a city or borough.
3.
(especially in New England) a municipal corporation with less elaborate organization and powers than a city.
4.
(in most U.S. states except those of New England) a township.
5.
any urban area, as contrasted with its surrounding countryside.
6.
the inhabitants of a town; townspeople; citizenry.
7.
the particular town or city in mind or referred to: living on the outskirts of town; to be out of town.
8.
a nearby or neighboring city; the chief town or city in a district: I am staying at a friend's apartment in town.
9.
the main business or shopping area in a town or city; downtown.
10.
British.
a.
a village or hamlet in which a periodic market or fair is held.
b.
any village or hamlet.
11.
Scot. a farmstead.
adjective
12.
of, pertaining to, characteristic of, or belonging to a town: town laws; town government; town constable.
Idioms
13.
go to town, Informal.
a.
to be successful.
b.
to do well, efficiently, or speedily: The engineers really went to town on those plans.
c.
to lose restraint or inhibition; overindulge.
14.
on the town,
a.
Informal. in quest of entertainment in a city's nightclubs, bars, etc.; out to have a good time: a bunch of college kids out on the town.
b.
supported by the public charity of the state or community; on relief.
15.
paint the town. paint ( def 16 ).

Origin:
before 900; Middle English toun, tun, Old English tūn walled or fenced place, courtyard, farmstead, village; cognate with Old Norse tūn homefield, German Zaun fence, Old Irish dún fort

townless, adjective
intertown, adjective


1. See community.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
town (taʊn)
 
n
1.  a.  a densely populated urban area, typically smaller than a city and larger than a village, having some local powers of government and a fixed boundary
 b.  (as modifier): town life Related: urban
2.  a city, borough, or other urban area
3.  (in the US) a territorial unit of local government that is smaller than a county; township
4.  the nearest town or commercial district
5.  London or the chief city of an area
6.  the inhabitants of a town
7.  Compare gown the permanent residents of a university town as opposed to the university staff and students
8.  go to town
 a.  to make a supreme or unrestricted effort; go all out
 b.  informal (Austral), (NZ) to lose one's temper
9.  on the town seeking out entertainments and amusements
 
Related: urban
 
[Old English tūn village; related to Old Saxon, Old Norse tūn, Old High German zūn fence, Old Irish dūn]
 
'townish
 
adj
 
'townless
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

town
O.E. tun "enclosure, enclosed land with buildings," later "village," from P.Gmc. *tunaz, *tunan (cf. O.S., O.N., O.Fris. tun "fence, hedge," M.Du. tuun "fence," Du. tuin "garden," O.H.G. zun, Ger. Zaun "fence, hedge"), an early borrowing from Celtic *dunom (cf. O.Ir. dun, Welsh din "fortress, fortified
place, camp;" see down (n.2)). Meaning "inhabited place larger than a village" (1154) arose after the Norman conquest, to correspond to Fr. ville. The modern word is partially a generic term, applicable to cities of great size as well as places intermediate between a city and a village; such use is unusual, the only parallel is perhaps L. oppidium, which occasionally was applied to Rome or Athens (each of which was more properly an urbs). First record of town hall is from 1481; townhouse "residence in a town" is from 1825. Townie "townsman, one raised in a town" is recorded from 1827, often opposed to the university students or circus workers who were just passing through. Town ball, version of baseball, is recorded from 1852. Town car (1907) originally was a motor car with an enclosed passenger compartment and open driver's seat. On the town "living the high life" is from 1712. Go to town "do (something) energetically" is first recorded 1933. Man about town "one constantly seen at public and private functions" is attested from 1734.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for towns
These acts employed promoters to book shows in towns ahead of time.
Many important reforms were made and many towns were founded.
The new jobs in manufacturing, services and trade quickly attracted people to
  the towns.
Those towns had become fortresses and showed more reliable loyalty to him than
  to others.
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"I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery; you shall have no other gods before me.
You shall not make for yourself an idol, whether in the form of anything that is in heaven above, or that is on the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, punishing children for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the fourth generation of those who reject me, but showing steadfast love to the thousandth generation of those who love me and keep my commandments.
You shall not make wrongful use of the name of the LORD your God, for the LORD will not acquit anyone who misuses his name.
Remember the sabbath day, and keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work. But the seventh day is a sabbath to the LORD your God; you shall not do any work -you, your son or your daughter, your male or female slave, your livestock, or the alien resident in your towns. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but rested the seventh day; therefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.
Honor your father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you.
You shall not murder.
You shall not commit adultery.
You shall not steal.
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
You shall not covet your neighbor's house; you shall not covet your neighbor's wife, or male or female slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor."
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