trachoma

[truh-koh-muh]
noun Ophthalmology.
a chronic, contagious infection of the conjunctiva and cornea, characterized by the formation of granulations and scarring and caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.

Origin:
1685–95; < Greek trā́chōma roughness, equivalent to trāch(ýs) rough + -ōma -oma

trachomatous [truh-kom-uh-tuhs, -koh-muh-] , adjective
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World English Dictionary
trachoma (trəˈkəʊmə)
 
n
a chronic contagious disease of the eye characterized by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea and the formation of scar tissue, caused by infection with the virus-like bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis
 
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek trakhōma roughness, from trakhus rough]
 
trachomatous
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

trachoma tra·cho·ma (trə-kō'mə)
n.
A contagious disease of the conjunctiva and cornea, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis and marked by inflammation, hypertrophy, and formation of granules of adenoid tissue. It is a major cause of blindness in Asia and Africa. Also called contagious granular conjunctivitis, Egyptian ophthalmia, granular conjunctivitis, granular ophthalmia.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
trachoma   (trə-kō'mə)  Pronunciation Key 
A contagious disease of the conjunctiva and cornea, caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and characterized by granules of inflammatory tissue. It is a major cause of blindness in Asia and Africa.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

trachoma

chronic inflammatory disease of the eye caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, a bacterium-like microorganism that grows only within tissue cells of the infected host. The conjunctiva becomes thickened and roughened, and deformation may result. Extension of inflammation to the cornea occurs in varying degree; resultant scarring can lead to corneal opacity and blindness. Transmission occurs by personal contact with infective ocular secretions or indirectly by common use of a towel.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences
At five, she contracted trachoma, a disease of the eye.
Trachoma scarring is one of the three leading causes of blindness in the world.
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