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traction

[trak-shuh n] /ˈtræk ʃən/
noun
1.
the adhesive friction of a body on some surface, as a wheel on a rail or a tire on a road.
2.
the action of drawing a body, vehicle, train, or the like, along a surface, as a road, track, railroad, or waterway.
3.
Medicine/Medical. the deliberate and prolonged pulling of a muscle, organ, or the like, as by weights, to correct dislocation, relieve pressure, etc.
4.
transportation by means of railroads.
5.
the act of drawing or pulling.
6.
the state of being drawn.
7.
attracting power or influence; attraction.
Origin
1605-1615
1605-15; < Medieval Latin tractiōn- (stem of tractiō) act of drawing, equivalent to tract(us), past participle of trahere to draw + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
tractional, adjective
nontraction, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for tractional

traction

/ˈtrækʃən/
noun
1.
the act of drawing or pulling, esp by motive power
2.
the state of being drawn or pulled
3.
(med) the application of a steady pull on a part during healing of a fractured or dislocated bone, using a system of weights and pulleys or splints
4.
the adhesive friction between a wheel and a surface, as between a driving wheel of a motor vehicle and the road
Derived Forms
tractional, adjective
tractive (ˈtræktɪv) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Medieval Latin tractiō, from Latin tractus dragged; see tractile
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for tractional

traction

n.

early 15c., "a drawing or pulling" (originally the pulling of a dislocated limb to reposition it), from Medieval Latin tractionem (nominative tractio) "a drawing" (mid-13c.), noun of action from past participle stem of Latin trahere "to pull, draw" (see tract (n.1)). Sense of "rolling friction of a vehicle" first appears 1825.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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tractional in Medicine

traction trac·tion (trāk'shən)
n.

  1. The act of drawing or pulling.

  2. A pulling force.

  3. A sustained pull applied mechanically, especially to the arm, leg, or neck, to correct fractured or dislocated bones, to overcome muscle spasms, or to relieve pressure.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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tractional in Science
traction
  (trāk'shən)   
  1. Static friction, as of a wheel on a track or a tire on a road. See more at friction.

  2. A sustained pulling force applied mechanically to a part of the body by means of a weighted apparatus in order to correct the position of fractured or dislocated bones, especially of the arm, leg, or neck.


The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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