verb (used with object), transcribed, transcribing.
to make a written copy, especially a typewritten copy, of (dictated material, notes taken during a lecture, or other spoken material).
to make an exact copy of (a document, text, etc.).
to write out in another language or alphabet; translate or transliterate: to transcribe Chinese into English characters.
Phonetics. to represent (speech sounds) in written phonetic or phonemic symbols.
Radio. to make a recording of (a program, announcement, etc.) for broadcasting.
Music. to arrange (a composition) for a medium other than that for which it was originally written.
Genetics. to effect genetic transcription of (a DNA molecule template).

1545–55; < Latin trānscrībere to copy off, equivalent to trāns- trans- + scrībere to write. See scribe

transcriber, noun
mistranscribe, verb (used with object), mistranscribed, mistranscribing.
nontranscribing, adjective
pretranscribe, verb (used with object), pretranscribed, pretranscribing.
retranscribe, verb (used with object), retranscribed, retranscribing.
untranscribed, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
transcribe (trænˈskraɪb)
1.  to write, type, or print out fully from speech, notes, etc
2.  to make a phonetic transcription of
3.  to transliterate or translate
4.  to make an electrical recording of (a programme or speech) for a later broadcast
5.  music to rewrite (a piece of music) for an instrument or medium other than that originally intended; arrange
6.  computing
 a.  to transfer (information) from one storage device, such as punched cards, to another, such as magnetic tape
 b.  to transfer (information) from a computer to an external storage device
7.  (usually passive) biochem genetic code See also translate to convert the genetic information in (a strand of DNA) into a strand of RNA, esp messenger RNA
[C16: from Latin transcrībere, from trans- + scrībere to write]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1550s, from L. transcribere "to copy, write again in another place, write over, transfer," from trans- "over" + scribere "write" (see script). To do it poorly is to transcribble (1746). Transcript "written copy" is attested from late 13c., from L. transcriptum, neut. pp. of transcribere.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Scribes in charge of transcribing-and sometimes translating this information-had different styles and different handwritings.
The earliest records of its existence are worth transcribing.
In your own home, transcribing tapes of doctors' notes.
Woods said she was transcribing the tape when she took a phone call and left
  her foot on a pedal that may have caused the erasure.
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