of or pertaining to Iberia in SW Europe, its inhabitants, or their language.
of or pertaining to ancient Iberia in the Caucasus or its inhabitants.
one of the ancient inhabitants of Iberia in Europe, from whom the Basques are supposed to be descended.
the language of the ancient Iberians of SW Europe, not known to be related to any other language.
one of the ancient inhabitants of Iberia in Asia.

1595–1605; Iberi(a) + -an

trans-Iberian, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Iberian (aɪˈbɪərɪən)
1.  See also Celtiberian a member of a group of ancient Caucasoid peoples who inhabited the Iberian Peninsula in preclassical and classical times
2.  a native or inhabitant of the Iberian Peninsula; a Spaniard or Portuguese
3.  a native or inhabitant of ancient Iberia in the Caucasus
4.  denoting, or relating to the pre-Roman peoples of the Iberian Peninsula or of Caucasian Iberia
5.  of or relating to the Iberian Peninsula, its inhabitants, or any of their languages

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

c.1600, from L. Iberia, ancient name of the Spanish peninsula, from Gk. Iberes "Celtic people of Spain;" also the name given to an Asiatic people near the Caucasus. Of unknown origin, but the word as applied in Spain is believed to be related to the River Ebro. The earliest English reference is to the
Caucasians; in ref. to Spain and Portugal it dates from 1610s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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