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transient

[tran-shuh nt, -zhuh nt, -zee-uh nt] /ˈtræn ʃənt, -ʒənt, -zi ənt/
adjective
1.
not lasting, enduring, or permanent; transitory.
2.
lasting only a short time; existing briefly; temporary:
transient authority.
3.
staying only a short time:
the transient guests at a hotel.
4.
Philosophy, transeunt.
noun
5.
a person or thing that is transient, especially a temporary guest, boarder, laborer, or the like.
6.
Mathematics.
  1. a function that tends to zero as the independent variable tends to infinity.
  2. a solution, especially of a differential equation, having this property.
7.
Physics.
  1. a nonperiodic signal of short duration.
  2. a decaying signal, wave, or oscillation.
8.
Electricity. a sudden pulse of voltage or current.
Origin
1590-1600
1590-1600; < Latin transi(ēns) (nominative singular), present participle of transīre to pass by, literally, go across + -ent; see transeunt
Related forms
transiently, adverb
transientness, noun
nontransient, adjective
nontransiently, adverb
nontransientness, noun
untransient, adjective
untransiently, adverb
untransientness, noun
Synonyms
2. fleeting, flitting, flying, fugitive, evanescent. See temporary.
Antonyms
2. permanent.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for transients
  • These transients are called lightning indirect effects.
  • They are its transients, forever lugging their lanterns, gloves and gear.
British Dictionary definitions for transients

transient

/ˈtrænzɪənt/
adjective
1.
for a short time only; temporary or transitory
2.
(philosophy) a variant of transeunt
noun
3.
a transient person or thing
4.
(physics) a brief change in the state of a system, such as a sudden short-lived oscillation in the current flowing through a circuit
Derived Forms
transiently, adverb
transience, transiency, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin transiēns going over, from transīre to pass over, from trans- + īre to go
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for transients
transient
1607, from L. transiens (acc. transientem) "passing over or away," prp. of transire "cross over, pass away," from trans- "across" + ire "to go." The noun is first attested 1652; specific sense of "transient guest or boarder" first recorded 1880. Transience is first recorded 1745.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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